Progress made in reducing new HIV infections among children isn’t fast enough

Fast facts:
  • About 180,000 new HIV infections among children aged 0-14 occurred in 2017, dramatically declining from 270,000 in 2010.

Progress in reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV has been dramatic since the introduction in 2011 of the ‘Global Plan towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections among Children, and Keeping their Mothers Alive’ – largely because of increased access to PMTCT-related services and increased number of pregnant women living with HIV being initiated on lifelong antiretroviral medicines. But it has not been fast enough to reach the 2020 targets set by UNAIDS and partners as part of the Super-Fast-Track Framework to end AIDS. Acceleration of treatment for all pregnant and breastfeeding women living with HIV is still needed to achieve elimination of new infections among children and halve HIV-related deaths among pregnant women and new mothers.



  • HIV epidemiology among children and adolescents

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  • Early infant HIV diagnosis

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  • ANC-based HIV testing for pregnant women

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  • Percentage of pregnant women living with HIV receiving most effective ARVs for PMTCT

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  • HIV positive children (aged 0-14) receiving antiretroviral therapy

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  • Adolescents aged 15-19 who were tested for HIV in the last 12 months and received the results

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Data sources + methodology

Global AIDS monitoring 2018

In order to monitor the HIV response and progress towards achieving global goals, countries submit national and subnational data on a host of indicators to the Global AIDS Monitoring (GAM) system. Annual submissions are reviewed and validated. Data consist of programmatic data for HIV prevention, testing and treatment. Other indicators require data from population-based surveys and surveys focused on key populations at risk of HIV infection.

For more information, click here.

Spectrum/EPP estimate modelling

UNAIDS, WHO and UNICEF are using the Futures Institute’s modelling software, Spectrum/EPP, to generate estimates, which support policy decisions concerning public health. Spectrum includes modules for HIV estimates and projections.

  • For more information, click here.
  • For estimates methodology, click here.

Nationally representative surveys

Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS), reproductive health surveys, sexual behaviour surveys and other nationally representative surveys are currently used to collect data on HIV and AIDS.