Key demographic indicators

55.4 PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS

Under-five mortality rate

17,215,000

Population

CRVS – Birth, Marriage and Death Registration in Malawi – UNICEF DATA

 

 

A well developed and functioning civil registration system ensures the registration of all vital events including births, marriages and deaths and issues relevant certificates as proof of such registration. Civil registration promotes efficient government planning, effective use of resources and aid, and more accurate monitoring of progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

 

 

Legal framework for birth registration National Registration Act of 2010 (operationalized, 1 August 2015)

The Act is universal and compulsory, mandating registration of any birth, death, marriage and adults (age 16 years and above) in Malawi with the National Registration Bureau.

Official authorities in charge of registering births National Registration Bureau
Organizational structure Centralized
Is there a legal obligation to register the birth of a child? Yes
Is an official birth certificate issued as a result of birth registration? Yes, issued within 10 days
Legal informant to register a birth Father and mother, Occupier of the house in which birth occurred, Person present at birth, Any person having charge of such child
Time allowed for registration Within 6 weeks of birth
Fee for birth registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for birth certificate Yes
Penalty for late registration Yes
Other official fees involved in the birth registration process No
Requirements or fees specific to children who are eligible for citizenship but were born outside the country No
Requirements or fees specific to children whose parents are foreign nationals No
Requirements for birth registration Identification of the child’s father, Father’s consent (for children born out of wedlock), Identification of the child’s mother, Mother’s consent, Marriage certificate or proof of marriage, Birth notification, Name of the child, Adoption order (if needed)
Information collected Regarding the child: Name, Date of birth, Sex, Weight at birth, Place of occurrence [of the birth], Type of place of occurrence (hospital, home, etc.), Type of birth (single, twin, triplet and so forth), Date of registration, Place of registration,

Regarding the mother of the child: Date of birth or age, Marital status, Place of usual residence, Place/country of birth, Number of children born alive to the mother during her entire lifetime, Nationality, Date of marriage

Regarding the father of the child: Date of birth or age, Place of usual residence, Home address, Nationality, Date of marriage

Processing Manually (on paper), Electronically (via computer or tablet)
Place of registration Mayor’s office, Other district or local authority, Hospital/health centre, Village or commune elder, head or administrator, Place of occurrence of the birth
A birth certificate is required for: Identification, Travel, Education, Inheritance
Process for establishing vital statistics on births The National Registration Bureau has not yet begun producing statistics; the National Statistical Office is the government agency mandated to produce statistics and will be the major partner in the vital statistics production.

Download sample birth registration form

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for marriage registration Marriage, Divorce and Family Relations Bill No. 5 (2015)
Official authorities in charge of registering a marriage National Registration Bureau
Organizational structure Centralized
Legal age for marriage 18 years old for both sexes
Is there a legal obligation to register marriages? Yes
Is an official marriage certificate issued as a result of marriage registration?  Yes, immediately
Legal informant to register a marriage Spouses
Time allowed for registration 3 months
Fee for marriage registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for marriage certificate No
Penalty for late registration No
Other official fees involved in the marriage registration process No
Additional registration requirements or fees if one spouse was born outside the country or has dual citizenship No
Requirements for marriage registration Husband’s presence at registration, Wife’s presence at registration, Proof of wife’s age, Proof of husband’s age, Witness to the marriage
Information collected Regarding the spouses: Date of birth or age of bride, Date of birth or age of groom

Regarding the marriage: Date of occurrence, Date of registration, Place of occurrence, Place of registration

Processing Manually (on paper)
Place of registration District Registration Office, Place of occurrence of the marriage
A marriage certificate is required for:
Process for establishing vital statistics on marriage

 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for death registration National Registration Act of 2010 (operationalized, 1 August 2015)

 

The Act is universal and compulsory, mandating registration of any birth, death, marriage and adults (age 16 years and above) in Malawi with the National Registration Bureau.

Official authorities in charge of registering a death National Registration Bureau
Organizational structure Centralized
Is there a legal obligation to register deaths? Yes
Is an official death certificate issued as a result of death registration?  Yes, within 10 days
Legal informant to register a death Relative(s) present at death or in attendance during last illness, Relative(s)  dwelling within the district of death, Occupier(s) of the house in which death occurred, Any person(s) finding or reporting the death or arranging the burial
Time allowed for registration 6 weeks
Fee for death registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for death certificate No
Penalty for late registration Yes
Other official fees involved in the death registration process No
Registration requirements or fees specific for the deaths of people who were residents in the country and also of foreign nationality No
Requirements for death registration Medical death certificate, Birth certificate, Identification card, Date of death, Age at death
Information collected Regarding the deceased: Name, Sex, Date of birth or age, Place of usual residence

Regarding the death: Date of death, Place of occurrence of the death, Type of place of occurrence (hospital, home, etc.), Date of registration, Place of registration, Cause of death, Certifier

Information collected in case of fetal death None
Processing Manually (on paper), Electronically (via computer or tablet)
Place of registration Mayor’s office, Other district or local authority, Hospital/health centre, Village or commune elder, head or administrator, Place of occurrence of the death
A death certificate is required for: Inheritance, Obtaining social assistance
Process for establishing vital statistics on deaths The National Registration Bureau has not yet begun producing statistics; the National Statistical Office is the government agency mandated to produce statistics and will be the major partner in the vital statistics production.

Download sample death registration form

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

MICS

Since its inception in 1995, the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, known as MICS, has become the largest source of statistically sound and internationally comparable data on women and children worldwide. In countries as diverse as Costa Rica, Mali and Qatar, trained fieldwork teams conduct face-to-face interviews with household members on a variety of topics – focusing mainly on those issues that directly affect the lives of children and women.