Key demographic indicators

123.6 PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS

Under-five mortality rate

4,900,000

Population

Disparities by household wealth

Oral rehydration:
Children under five with receiving ORS (%)

Secondary education:
Net attendance ratio in secondary education (%)

Birth registration:
Children under age 5 whose births are registered (%)

 

 

A well developed and functioning civil registration system ensures the registration of all vital events including births, marriages and deaths and issues relevant certificates as proof of such registration. Civil registration promotes efficient government planning, effective use of resources and aid, and more accurate monitoring of progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

 

 

Legal framework for birth registration Law No. 97 013  on the Family Code (11 November 1997)

Presidential Decree No. 16.370 (28 October 2016)

Official authorities in charge of registering births Directorate General of Decentralization and Local Development, Minister of the Interior and Territorial Administration, Mayors, deputies and municipal councillors, Ambassadors and Consuls General, Civil registration officer of the special centre (Law No. 97 013, article 103)
Organizational structure Decentralized
Is there a legal obligation to register the birth of a child? Yes
Is an official birth certificate issued as a result of birth registration? Yes, within 2 to 7 days

Download sample birth certificate

Legal informant to register a birth Father, mother, an ascendant, nearest relative, other person who witnessed the birth (Law No. 97 013, article 137)
Time allowed for registration 1 month (Law No. 97 013, article 134)
Fee for birth registration Yes, varying fees set by the municipal councils (cost is not fixed in the Family Code)
Can the fee be increased or waived? Yes, cost is increased in case of late declaration of the birth or the parents establish a supplementary judgment
Fee for birth certificate No, birth certificate is officially free; however, maternity wards charge fees for the establishment of certificates.
Penalty for late registration No, but costs of a judgment and legal costs require payment.
Other official fees involved in the birth registration process No
Requirements or fees specific to children who are eligible for citizenship but were born outside the country No
Requirements or fees specific to children whose parents are foreign nationals No
Requirements for birth registration Identification of the child’s mother, Name of the child
Information collected The birth certificate must state:

– Year, month, day, time, place of birth;

– Sex of the child, surname and given name;

– Name, age, profession and domicile of the father and mother;

– Where applicable, the surname, forename, age, occupation and domicile of the declarant.

(Law No. 97 013, article 136)

Processing Manually (on paper); All vital events are directly recorded on non-standardized forms, their fill fields are free and they are manually filled in cursive writing, which prohibits their subsequent exploitation by optical character recognition.
Place of registration Main or secondary civil registration offices, Place of birth
A birth certificate is required for: Identification, Education, Inheritance, Obtaining social assistance
Process for establishing vital statistics on births The production and use of vital statistics from administrative sources remains insufficient in the Central African Republic, making it difficult to exploit the archives, and resulting in insecurity of data and publications.

Download sample birth certificate

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for marriage registration Law No. 97 013 on the Family Code (11 November 1997)

Presidential Decree No. 16.370 (28 October 2016)

Official authorities in charge of registering a marriage Directorate General of Decentralization and Local Development, Minister of the Interior and Territorial Administration, Mayors, deputies and municipal councillors, Ambassadors and Consuls General, Civil registration officer of the special centre (Law No. 97 013, article 103)
Organizational structure Decentralized
Legal age for marriage 18 years for both sexes;

Exemptions: a dispensation of age granted by the Public Prosecutor on serious grounds (Law No. 97 013, article 209)

Is there a legal obligation to register marriages? Yes
Is an official marriage certificate issued as a result of marriage registration?  Yes, immediately free of charge (family record book)

Download sample marriage certificate

Legal informant to register a marriage Bride and groom (Law No. 97 013, article 213)
Fee for marriage registration Yes, variable according to municipalities
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for marriage certificate Yes, filing fees vary from one civil registration centre to another
Penalty for late registration No
Other official fees involved in the marriage registration process Yes, filing fees vary from one civil registration centre to another
Additional registration requirements or fees if one spouse was born outside the country or has dual citizenship No
Requirements for marriage registration Pre-marital medical certificate issued by a doctor, Declaration on the dowry, Birth certificate
Information collected The marriage certificate must state:

– Surnames, forenames, professions, places of residences, ages, dates and places of birth of the spouses;

– Surnames, first names, professions and domiciles of the spouses’ fathers and mothers;

– Consent of the person exercising parental authority or guardian, if required;

– Declaration by the contracting parties that they are to be regarded as spouses, and by the civil registration officer;

– Surnames, first names, professions and domiciles of the witnesses and their status as adults;

– Choice of the matrimonial regime adopted or governing the spouses as of right;

– Statement that a marriage contract has been or has not been made and, if so, the name and domicile of the clerk-notary who received it;

– Declaration of monogamy or polygamy.

(Law No. 97 013, article 142)

Processing Manually (on paper); All vital events are directly recorded on non-standardized forms, their fill fields are free and they are manually filled in cursive writing, which prohibits their subsequent exploitation by optical character recognition.
Place of registration Main or secondary civil registration centres
Process for establishing vital statistics on marriage Inheritance, Registration of children
Information collected The production and use of vital statistics from administrative sources remains insufficient in the Central African Republic, making it difficult to exploit the archives, and leading to the insecurity of data and publications.

Download sample marriage certificate

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for death registration Law No. 97 013 on the Family Code (11 November 1997)

Presidential Decree No. 16.370 (28 October 2016)

Official authorities in charge of registering a death Directorate General of Decentralization and Local Development, Minister of the Interior and Territorial Administration, Mayors, deputies and municipal councillors, Ambassadors and Consuls General, Civil registration officer of the special centre (Law No. 97 013, article 103)
Organizational structure Decentralized
Is there a legal obligation to register deaths? Yes
Is an official death certificate issued as a result of death registration?  Yes, within 2 to 7 days

Download sample death certificate

Legal informant to register a death The declaration of death is the responsibility of the parents of the deceased or by a doctor who has certified the death (Law No. 97 013, article 148)
Time allowed for registration 1 month (Law No. 97 013, article 148)
Fee for death registration Yes, varying fees set by the municipal councils (cost is not fixed in the Family Code)
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for death certificate Yes
Penalty for late registration No
Other official fees involved in the death registration process Yes, hospital administrative fees
Registration requirements or fees specific for the deaths of people who were residents in the country and also of foreign nationality No
Requirements for death registration Medical death certificate
Information collected The death certificate shall state the following information:

– Date and place of death;

– Surname, forename, place of birth, sex, occupation and residence of the deceased;

– Surname, forename of the spouse of the deceased if the person was married, widow or divorced;

– Surname, forename, profession, quality and domicile of the declarant.

(Law No. 97 013, Article 147)

Information collected in case of fetal death Fetal death is not registered.
Processing Manually (on paper);

All vital events are directly recorded on non-standard forms, their fields are free and they are filled manually in cursive writing, which prohibits their subsequent exploitation by optical character recognition when transmitted to the Central Registry (DGMEC/MATDSI) for processing.

Place of registration – Main centres located at the headquarters of municipalities, boroughs and diplomatic missions for births, marriages and deaths;

– Secondary centres located in villages, urban areas and health facilities for births and deaths.

A death certificate is required for: Burial, Inheritance, Obtaining social assistance
Process for establishing vital statistics on deaths The production and use of vital statistics from administrative sources remains insufficient in the Central African Republic, making it difficult to exploit the archives, and leading to the insecurity of data and publications.

Download sample death certificate 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

MICS

Since its inception in 1995, the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, known as MICS, has become the largest source of statistically sound and internationally comparable data on women and children worldwide. In countries as diverse as Costa Rica, Mali and Qatar, trained fieldwork teams conduct face-to-face interviews with household members on a variety of topics – focusing mainly on those issues that directly affect the lives of children and women.