Key demographic indicators

43.1 PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS

Under-five mortality rate

5,228,000

Population

Child protection

Children under age 5 whose births are registered (%)
Not available
Children aged 5-17 years engaged in child labour (%)
Not available
Children aged 1 to 14 years who experienced any violent discipline (psychological aggression and/or physical punishment) in the past month (%)
Not available

Early childhood

Attendance in early childhood education (%)
Not available
Early stimulation and responsive care (any adult household member)
Not available
Early stimulation and responsive care (father)
Not available
Learning materials at home – children's books (%)
Not available
Learning materials at home – playthings (%)
Not available
Children left in inadequate supervision
Not available

Education

Adjusted net attendance rate, one year before official primary entry age
Not available
Adjusted net attendance rate, upper secondary education
Not available
Completion rate, primary education
Not available
Youth literacy rate (15 - 24 years)
Not available

HIV/AIDS

Adolescent girls aged 15-19 who were tested for HIV in the last 12 months and received the results (%)
Not available
Adolescent boys aged 15-19 who were tested for HIV in the last 12 months and received the results (%)
Not available

CRVS – Birth, Marriage and Death Registration in Eritrea – UNICEF DATA

 

 

A well developed and functioning civil registration system ensures the registration of all vital events including births, marriages and deaths and issues relevant certificates as proof of such registration. Civil registration promotes efficient government planning, effective use of resources and aid, and more accurate monitoring of progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

 

 

Legal framework for birth registration Transitional Civil Code (Proclamation No. 2/1991) article 6
Official authorities in charge of registering births Ministry of Local Government
Organizational structure Centralized, at the Ministry of Local Government in Asmara, with branch offices at the regional level
Is there a legal obligation to register the birth of a child? Yes
Is an official birth certificate issued as a result of birth registration? Yes, but varies by region and issues related to the registration
Legal informant to register a birth The parents
Time allowed for registration 90 days, but it is possible to register a birth after
Fee for birth registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for birth certificate No, registration is free if it occurs within the timeframe of 90 days; a fee is issued if registration occurs after 90 days
Penalty for late registration Yes, by law
Other official fees involved in the birth registration process No
Requirements or fees specific to children who are eligible for citizenship but were born outside the country No
Requirements or fees specific to children whose parents are foreign nationals No
Requirements for birth registration Identification of the child’s father, Father’s presence at registration, Father’s consent, Identification of the child’s mother, Mother’s presence at registration, Mother’s consent, Marriage certificate or proof of marriage, Immunization card, Name of the child
Information collected Regarding the child: Name, Date of birth, Date of registration, Place of occurrence, Place of registration, Type of birth (single, twin, triplet and so forth), Sex

Regarding the mother of the child: Date of birth or age, Marital status, Place of usual residence, Place/country of birth, Date of marriage

Regarding the father of the child: Date of birth or age, Marital status, Place of usual residence

Processing Electronically (via computer or tablet)
Place of registration Civil registration office, Place of birth
A birth certificate is required for:
Process for establishing vital statistics on births The National Statistics Office is responsible for establishing vital statistics, but different forms are used to register vital events across regions. Hence, it is very difficult to collate the registered information into a comprehensive database at the national level, and it is not possible to compare registered information across regions. Technical capacity for CRVS remains inadequate at both the national and the regional level. Critical areas of need are registration procedures management, statistics and computer-related fields such as information and communication technologies, among others.

 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for marriage registration Transitional Civil Code (Proclamation No. 2/1991, articles 605 and 606)
Official authorities in charge of registering a marriage Ministry of Local Government
Organizational structure Decentralized
Legal age for marriage 18 years old for both sexes
Is there a legal obligation to register marriages? No
Is an official marriage certificate issued as a result of marriage registration? 
Legal informant to register a marriage
Time allowed for registration
Fee for marriage registration
Can the fee be increased or waived?
Fee for marriage certificate
Penalty for late registration
Other official fees involved in the marriage registration process
Additional registration requirements or fees if one spouse was born outside the country or has dual citizenship
Requirements for marriage registration
Information collected
Processing
Place of registration Civil registration office
A marriage certificate is required for:
Process for establishing vital statistics on marriage The National Statistics Office is responsible for establishing vital statistics, but different forms are used to register vital events across regions. Hence, it is very difficult to collate the registered information into a comprehensive database at the national level, and it is not possible to compare registered information across regions. Technical capacity for CRVS remains inadequate at both the national and the regional level. Critical areas of need are registration procedures, management, statistics and computer-related fields such as information and communication technologies, among others.

 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for death registration No legal framework
Official authorities in charge of registering a death Ministry of Local Government
Organizational structure Decentralized
Is there a legal obligation to register deaths? No
Is an official death certificate issued as a result of death registration? 
Legal informant to register a death
Time allowed for registration
Fee for death registration
Can the fee be increased or waived?
Fee for death certificate
Penalty for late registration
Other official fees involved in the death registration process
Registration requirements or fees specific for the deaths of people who were residents in the country and also of foreign nationality
Requirements for death registration
Information collected
Information collected in case of fetal death
Processing Fetal death is not registered
Place of registration
A death certificate is required for: Civil registration office
Process for establishing vital statistics on deaths
Legal framework for death registration The National Statistics Office is responsible for establishing vital statistics, but different forms are used to register vital events across regions. Hence, it is very difficult to collate the registered information into a comprehensive database at the national level, and it is not possible to compare registered information across regions. Technical capacity for CRVS remains inadequate at both the national and the regional level. Critical areas of need are registration procedures management, statistics and computer-related fields such as information and communication technologies, among others.

 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

MICS

Since its inception in 1995, the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, known as MICS, has become the largest source of statistically sound and internationally comparable data on women and children worldwide. In countries as diverse as Costa Rica, Mali and Qatar, trained fieldwork teams conduct face-to-face interviews with household members on a variety of topics – focusing mainly on those issues that directly affect the lives of children and women.