Key demographic indicators

81.4 PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS

Under-five mortality rate

4,068,000

Population

Disparities by household wealth

Oral rehydration:
Children under five with receiving ORS (%)

Secondary education:
Net attendance ratio in secondary education (%)

Birth registration:
Children under age 5 whose births are registered (%)

HIV/AIDS

Adolescent girls aged 15-19 who were tested for HIV in the last 12 months and received the results (%)
Adolescent boys aged 15-19 who were tested for HIV in the last 12 months and received the results (%)

MAURITANIA

 

 

A well developed and functioning civil registration system ensures the registration of all vital events including births, marriages and deaths and issues relevant certificates as proof of such registration. Civil registration promotes efficient government planning, effective use of resources and aid, and more accurate monitoring of progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

 

 

Legal framework for birth registration Law No. 2011-003 revoking and replacing Law No. 96.019 of 19 June 1996 regarding the Civil Status Code
Official authorities in charge of registering births National Agency for the Register of Population and Securities (ANRPTS)

Citizens’ Reception Centres (CAC)

(article 13)

Organizational structure Centralized
Is there a legal obligation to register the birth of a child? Yes (articles 10 and 11)
Is an official birth certificate issued as a result of birth registration? Yes
Legal informant to register a birth Father or mother, First brothers or sisters, Brothers or sisters consanguine, Uterine brothers or sisters, Paternal uncles, Paternal ancestors, Paternal uncles, Maternal ascendants

(article 33)

Time allowed for registration 60 days (article 34)
Fee for birth registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for birth certificate Yes
Penalty for late registration Yes; In the event of a declaration beyond the statutory deadlines, persons required under the law to declare civil status events are liable to imprisonment of 1 to 6 months and a fine, or either of these two penalties only (article 62).
Other official fees involved in the birth registration process No
Requirements or fees specific to children who are eligible for citizenship but were born outside the country Specific requirements, but no fees.
Requirements or fees specific to children whose parents are foreign nationals No
Requirements for birth registration The registrant who requires the establishment of the birth certificate must show the extract from the register of births of the public or private health facility where the child is born, and the extract of the marriage certificate from the father and mother of the child (article 34).
Information collected Regarding the child: Name, Sex, Date of birth, Place of occurrence of the birth, Place of registration

Regarding the mother of the child: Name, Date of birth or age, Place of birth, Occupation, Place of usual residence
Regarding the father of the child:
Name, Date of birth or age, Place of birth, Occupation, Place of usual residence

(article 36)

Processing Electronically
Place of registration The declaration of birth is made, within 60 days following the birth, with the Centre of Citizens’ Home (CAC) of the place of birth of the child or the place of residence of its parents (article 34).
A birth certificate is required for: Identification, School enrolment
Process for establishing vital statistics on births The Mauritania National Statistical Office (ONS) is responsible for the implementation of an integrated national system for the collection of economic, demographic and social statistics, using exhaustive censuses or sample surveys, or administrative sources either from the public or private sector.

 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for marriage registration Law No. 2011-003 revoking and replacing Law No. 96.019 of 19 June 1996 on the Civil Status Code

Law No. 2001.052 (19 July 2001) on the Code of Persons

Official authorities in charge of registering a marriage National Agency for the Register of Population and Securities (ANRPTS)

Citizens’ Reception Centres (CAC)

(article 13)

Organizational structure Centralized
Legal age for marriage 18 years for both sexes

(Code of Persons, article 6)

Is there a legal obligation to register marriages? Yes (articles 10 and 11)
Is an official marriage certificate issued as a result of marriage registration?  Yes, immediately; The conclusion of the marriage before the Head of the Citizens’ Centre of Reception of the Citizen holds declaration and gives rise to the establishment and issue of the marriage certificate (article 40).
Legal informant to register a marriage Civil registrar

The civil registrar ensures the consent of the parties, the amount of the dowry, the modalities of its payment, and the presence of:

– The ‘Wely’ guardian (as specified in articles 10, 11 and 12 of Law 2001.052 of 19 July 2001 on the Code of Persons);

– The two future spouses or their duly constituted representatives;

– Two witnesses (article 40).

Time allowed for registration No time is specified.

To be considered valid, the marriage must be concluded by the civil registration officer (article 39). Marriage shall be concluded in accordance with the forms and conditions laid down by Law No. 2001.052.

The declaration of marriages that have not been concluded before the Head of the Citizens’ Reception Centre-Civil Registrar is deemed to be made out of time (article 40). The marriage that has not been entered into before the Head of the Citizens’ Reception Centre can only be proved by a judicial decision having acquired the force of res judicata (article 42).

Fee for marriage registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for marriage certificate No, only for copies
Penalty for late registration Yes; In the event of a declaration beyond the statutory deadlines, persons required under the law to declare civil status events are liable to imprisonment of 1 to 6 months and a fine, or either of these two penalties only (article 62).
Other official fees involved in the marriage registration process No
Additional registration requirements or fees if one spouse was born outside the country or has dual citizenship No
Requirements for marriage registration The civil registrar ensures the consent of the parties, the amount of the dowry, the modalities of its payment, and the presence of:
– The ‘Wely’ guardian (as specified in articles 10, 11 and 12 of Law 2001.052 of 19 July 2001 on the Code of Persons);- The two future spouses or their duly constituted representatives;- Two witnesses (article 40)
Information collected The marriage certificate must state:

– The denomination of the act;
– First and last name, date and place of birth, occupation and domicile of the spouses, as well as their national identification numbers;
– First name and surname, date and place of birth, nationality and domicile of the ‘Wely’ guardian and the guardian’s national identification number;
– First name and surname, date and place of birth, occupation and domicile of the duly constituted representatives of the spouses and their national identification numbers;
– First and last names, addresses, nationalities and national Identification numbers of witnesses;
– First and last names, domicile, nationalities of the father and mother of the spouses.

(article 43)

Processing Electronically
Place of registration Citizens’ Reception Centre
A marriage certificate is required for: Registration of children
Process for establishing vital statistics on marriage The Mauritania National Statistical Office (ONS) is responsible for the implementation of an integrated national system for the collection of economic, demographic and social statistics, using exhaustive censuses or sample surveys, or administrative sources either from the public or private sector.

 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for death registration Law No. 2011-003 revoking and replacing Law No. 96.019 of 19 June 1996 on the Civil Status Code
Official authorities in charge of registering a death National Agency for the Register of Population and Securities (ANRPTS)

Citizens’ Reception Centres (CAC)

(article 13)

Organizational structure Centralized
Is there a legal obligation to register deaths? Yes (articles 10 and 11)
Is an official death certificate issued as a result of death registration?  Yes, immediately
Legal informant to register a death Heirs of the deceased, Their legal representative, Duly constituted agent

(article 51)

Time allowed for registration 30 days (article 50)
Fee for death registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for death certificate No, only for copies
Penalty for late registration Yes

In the event of a declaration beyond the statutory deadlines, persons required under the law to declare civil status events are liable to imprisonment of 1 to 6 months and a fine, or either of these two penalties only (article 62).

Other official fees involved in the death registration process No
Registration requirements or fees specific for the deaths of people who were residents in the country and also of foreign nationality No
Requirements for death registration The registrant who requires the establishment of the death certificate must show:

– The extract from the register of deaths issued by the health facility where death occurred;

– The extract of the deceased’s birth certificate;

– The administrative authorization of burial;

– Two witnesses.

In the absence of the presentation of the extract from the register of deaths issued by the health facility, death can be proved only by a court decision having acquired the force of res judicata (article 50).

Information collected Regarding the deceased: Name, Sex, Date of birth or age, Place of birth, Occupation, Place of habitual residence, Marital status, Place of burial, National identification number, Name and surname of the deceased’s spouse

Regarding the death: Date of death, Place of occurrence of the death, Date of registration, Place of registration, Cause of death, Certifier, Place of burial

Regarding the declarant: Surname, Forename, Profession, Relationship to the deceased, Residence

Miscellaneous: Forenames and names of witnesses and their national identification numbers; Surnames, forenames, profession, residence and nationality of the father and mother of deceased; References to the extract from the register of deaths or judicial decision

(article 55)

Information collected in case of fetal death Stillborn births are declared, and this declaration may give rise to the preparation of a Minutes of Declaration (article 56)
Processing Electronically
Place of registration Declaration of death shall be made within 30 days following the event with the Citizen’s Reception Centre (CAC) at the place of death or burial or the place where the deceased resided (article 50).
A death certificate is required for: Burial, Inheritance, Obtaining social assistance
Process for establishing vital statistics on deaths The Mauritania National Statistical Office (ONS) is responsible for the implementation of an integrated national system for the collection of economic, demographic and social statistics, using exhaustive censuses or sample surveys, or administrative sources either from the public or private sector.

 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

MICS

Since its inception in 1995, the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, known as MICS, has become the largest source of statistically sound and internationally comparable data on women and children worldwide. In countries as diverse as Costa Rica, Mali and Qatar, trained fieldwork teams conduct face-to-face interviews with household members on a variety of topics – focusing mainly on those issues that directly affect the lives of children and women.