Key demographic indicators

64.2 PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS

Under-five mortality rate

888,000

Population

Disparities by household wealth

Oral rehydration:
Children under five with receiving ORS (%)

Secondary education:
Net attendance ratio in secondary education (%)

Birth registration:
Children under age 5 whose births are registered (%)

HIV/AIDS

Adolescent girls aged 15-19 who were tested for HIV in the last 12 months and received the results (%)
Adolescent boys aged 15-19 who were tested for HIV in the last 12 months and received the results (%)

Maternal Health

Proportion of women aged 15-49 who received postnatal care within 2 days after giving birth (%)
0
Proportion of women 20-24 years old who gave birth before age 18 (%)
0

DJIBOUTI

 

 

A well developed and functioning civil registration system ensures the registration of all vital events including births, marriages and deaths and issues relevant certificates as proof of such registration. Civil registration promotes efficient government planning, effective use of resources and aid, and more accurate monitoring of progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

 

 

Legal framework for birth registration Law No. 72-458 (2 June 1972) relative to the civil status in the French territory of Afars and Issas

Decree No. 73-376 (27 March 1973) implementing Law 72-458 (2 June 1972)

Decree No. 127 (12 February 1973) appointing civil registrars and delimiting their territorial powers modified by Order No. 85-1165/PR/MI (7 September 1985)

Act No. 220/AN/86 /1lL (23 November 1986) authorizing certain civil registrars to issue acts of additional knowledge of birth certificates

Order No. 85-129/PR/MI (19 October 1989) appointing the head of the Diplomatic and Consular Mission as civil registrars

Decree No. 2000-0083/PR/MI (12 March 2000) fixing the cost of stamps and certain civil registration services

Official authorities in charge of registering births Civil registrars are appointed by a decree of the delegate of the Government of the Republic that determines their territorial jurisdiction.
Organizational structure Decentralized
Is there a legal obligation to register the birth of a child? Yes
Is an official birth certificate issued as a result of birth registration? Yes
Legal informant to register a birth Mother or by any other relative of the child
Time allowed for registration 1 month
Fee for birth registration Yes
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for birth certificate Yes; the fee is lower for first birth and higher for subsequent births
Penalty for late registration Yes; A fine and imprisonment for one month will be imposed on any person who attends a delivery and does not make the declaration prescribed by the Civil Code and within the time limit fixed by this code, or any person has found a newborn child and does not make the declaration to the registrar of the place of discovery.
Other official fees involved in the birth registration process
Requirements or fees specific to children who are eligible for citizenship but were born outside the country No
Requirements or fees specific to children whose parents are foreign nationals No
Requirements for birth registration Identification of the parents, Certificate of marriage
Information collected Regarding the child: Name, Date of birth, Date of registration, Place of occurrence, Place of registration, Sex,

Regarding the mother of the child: Date of birth or age, Place of birth, Place of usual residence, Occupation

Regarding the father of the child: Date of birth or age, Place of birth, Place of usual residence, Occupation

Processing Manually (on paper)
Place of registration Civil registrar’s office
A birth certificate is required for: Identification, Education, Voting
Process for establishing vital statistics on births There is no regular process for establishing vital statistics.

 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for marriage registration Law No. 72-458 (02 June 1972) relative to the civil status in the French territory of Afars and Issas

Decree No. 73-376 (27 March 1973) implementing Law 72-458 (2 June 1972)

Decree No. 127 (12 February 1973) appointing civil registrars and delimiting their territorial powers modified by Order No. 85-116 /PR/MI (7 September 1985)

Act No. 220/AN/86/1lL (23 November 1986) authorizing certain civil registrars to issue acts of additional knowledge of birth certificates

Order No. 85-129/PR/MI (19 October 1989) appointing the head of the Diplomatic and Consular Mission as civil registrars

Decree No. 2000-0083/PR MI (12 March 2000) fixing the cost of stamps and certain civil registration services

Law No. 152/AN/02/4th on the Family Code

Official authorities in charge of registering a marriage Civil registrars are appointed by a decree of the delegate of the Government of the Republic that determines their territorial jurisdiction
Organizational structure Decentralized
Legal age for marriage 18 years for both sexes (Family Code, article 13);

Exemptions: The marriage of minors who have not reached the age of legal majority is subject to the consent of their guardians. In case of refusal of the guardians and persistence of the two future spouses, the marriage can be authorized by the judge.

Is there a legal obligation to register marriages? Yes
Is an official marriage certificate issued as a result of marriage registration?  Yes
Legal informant to register a marriage Notary officer, Judge
Time allowed for registration 1 month (Family Code, article 9)
Fee for marriage registration Yes
Can the fee be increased or waived? Yes
Fee for marriage certificate Yes
Penalty for late registration Yes, for a judge who does not send a copy of the marriage certificate to the civil registration officer
Other official fees involved in the marriage registration process Yes
Additional registration requirements or fees if one spouse was born outside the country or has dual citizenship Yes, the following items are required for a future spouse of foreign nationality:
– Copy of the passport with a visa of 3 months (visa of 1 to 2 months is acceptable in some cases);
– Extract of the birth certificate;
– Full copy of the birth certificate of less than three months;
– Copy of the French national identity card for the French or a copy of the residence permit for other nationalities;
– Certificate of celibacy, except for spouses of French nationality;
– Prenuptial certificate;
– Photocopies of the identity card(s) of the witness(es);
– Marriage contract (to be mentioned on the marriage certificate), if applicable;
– Certificate of residence for French residents of Djibouti, inscribed on the French Consular Register;
– Copy of proof of address (invoice for rent, electricity, water, taxes or other).For French nationals residing in France, the Certificate of Marriage Capacity of the future spouse of will serve as a certificate of celibacy issued by the French Embassy in Djibouti.
Requirements for marriage registration The following items are required for the future spouse of Djiboutian nationality:
– Extract of the birth certificate of less than 3 months (computerized copy);
– Full copy of the birth certificate of less than 3 months (photocopy of the register or handwritten document);
– Photocopy of identity card;
– Certificate of celibacy, to be obtained from the town hall or a judge, and to be authenticated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
– Prenuptial certificate;
– Photocopies of the identity card(s) of the witness(es);
– Marriage contract (to be mentioned on the marriage certificate), if applicable.
Information collected The marriage certificate must state:
– Names, occupation, age, date and place of birth, domicile, residence and nationality of each spouse;
– Names, professions, domiciles and nationalities of the father and mother;
– Declaration of the two witnesses that the future spouses are not in one of the cases of impediments provided for in the Family Code;
– Names of the former spouse of each of the spouses, if any, as well as the dates of death or divorce that led to the dissolution of their marriage and the dates and place of the previous marriage;
– The consent or authorization required by law, if applicable as well as the mention of dowry (Family Code, article 8).
Processing Manually (on paper)
Place of registration Civil registration office, Place of celebration of the marriage
A marriage certificate is required for: Birth registration of a child
Process for establishing vital statistics on marriage There is no regular process for establishing vital statistics.

 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for death registration Law No. 72-458 (2 June 1972) relative to the civil status in the French territory of Afars and Issas

Decree No. 73-376 (27 March 1973) implementing Law 72-458 (2 June 1972)

Decree No. 127 (12 February 1973) appointing civil registrars and delimiting their territorial powers modified by Order No. 85-1165/PR/MI (7 September 1985)

Act No. 220/AN/86/1lL (23 November 1986) authorizing certain civil registrars to issue acts of additional knowledge of birth certificates

Order No. 85-129/PR/MI (19 October 1989) appointing the head of the Diplomatic and Consular Mission as civil registrars

Decree No. 2000-0083/PR/MI (12 March 2000) fixing the cost of stamps and certain civil registration services

Official authorities in charge of registering a death Civil registrars are appointed by a decree of the delegate of the Government of the Republic that determines their territorial jurisdiction.
Organizational structure Decentralized
Is there a legal obligation to register deaths? Yes
Is an official death certificate issued as a result of death registration?  Yes
Legal informant to register a death Parent of the deceased or person possessing the most accurate and complete information as possible on the civil status of the deceased
Time allowed for registration 1 month
Fee for death registration Yes
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for death certificate Yes
Penalty for late registration No
Other official fees involved in the death registration process No
Registration requirements or fees specific for the deaths of people who were residents in the country and also of foreign nationality No
Requirements for death registration Identification card of the deceased
Information collected Regarding the deceased: Name, Sex, Date of birth, Place of birth, Place of residence, Name of the spouse

Regarding the death: Date of death, Place of death, Date of registration, Place of registration

Information collected in case of fetal death
Processing Manually (on paper)
Place of registration Civil registrar’s office, Mayor’s office, Other district or local authority, Place of occurrence of the death
A death certificate is required for: Inheritance, Obtaining social assistance
Process for establishing vital statistics on deaths There is no regular process for establishing vital statistics.

 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

MICS

Since its inception in 1995, the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, known as MICS, has become the largest source of statistically sound and internationally comparable data on women and children worldwide. In countries as diverse as Costa Rica, Mali and Qatar, trained fieldwork teams conduct face-to-face interviews with household members on a variety of topics – focusing mainly on those issues that directly affect the lives of children and women.