Key demographic indicators

127.3 PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS

Under-five mortality rate

14,037,000

Population

Disparities by household wealth

Oral rehydration:
Children under five with receiving ORS (%)

Secondary education:
Net attendance ratio in secondary education (%)

Birth registration:
Children under age 5 whose births are registered (%)

CHAD

 

 

A well developed and functioning civil registration system ensures the registration of all vital events including births, marriages and deaths and issues relevant certificates as proof of such registration. Civil registration promotes efficient government planning, effective use of resources and aid, and more accurate monitoring of progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

 

 

Legal framework for birth registration Law 008/PR/2013 (10 May 2013) on the organization of civil registration in the Republic of Chad
Official authorities in charge of registering births Minister of Territorial Administration and Local Governance (MATGL), Director of Political Affairs and Civil Registration (DAPEC), Municipal mayors of the communes and of the Borough, Presidents of rural councils, Officers of the army, Ambassadors and consuls in diplomatic representations in Chad and abroad, Deputies and alternates designated by the holders in writing
Organizational structure Decentralized
Is there a legal obligation to register the birth of a child? Yes
Is an official birth certificate issued as a result of birth registration? Yes, immediately, free of charge (Law 008/PR/2013, article 3)

Download sample birth certificate

Legal informant to register a birth Father, Mother, An ascendant, Any person who attended the birth (Law 008/PR/2013, article 25)
Time allowed for registration 1 month (Law 008/PR/2013, article 25)
Fee for birth registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for birth certificate No
Penalty for late registration No, but payment is required for the constitution of the judgments and legal costs.
Other official fees involved in the birth registration process Yes
Requirements or fees specific to children who are eligible for citizenship but were born outside the country No
Requirements or fees specific to children whose parents are foreign nationals No
Requirements for birth registration – Verbal declaration from the father, mother, an ascendant or any person attending the birth;

– Identity document, passport or birth certificate of the father, mother and declarant;

– Marriage certificate, if possible;

– Birth certificates for births in health facilities.

(Law 008/PR/2013, article 25)

Information collected Regarding the child: Name, Date of birth, Date of registration, Location of the event, Place of declaration, Sex,

Regarding the mother of the child: Date of birth or age, Place/country of birth, Occupation, Domicile

Regarding the father of the child: Date of birth or age, Occupation, Domicile

Processing Manually (on paper);  All vital events are directly recorded on non-standardized forms, their fill fields are free and they are filled manually in cursive writing, which prohibits their subsequent exploitation by optical character recognition. However, some civil registration centres in the capital that have received computers enter the information under a software designed for this purpose.
Place of registration Municipalities, district, chief places of the rural communities, diplomatic representations are the main centres, the municipal districts
embassies and consulates (Law 008/PR 2013, article 14)
Process for establishing vital statistics on births Identification, Education, Voting
Processing The Civil Registration Act does not contain clear provisions on the collection and publication of vital statistics, while the Law on national statistics provides for the collection, compilation and dissemination of vital statistics on the basis of civil registers. Despite the existence of a service of statistics (INSEED), vital statistics remain poor in Chad.

Download sample birth certificate

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for marriage registration Law 008/PR/2013 (10 May 2013) on the organization of civil registration in the Republic of Chad
Official authorities in charge of registering a marriage Minister of Territorial Administration and Local Governance (MATGL), Director of Political Affairs and Civil Registration (DAPEC), Municipal mayors of the communes and of the borough, Presidents of rural councils, Officers of the army, Ambassadors and consuls in diplomatic representations in Chad and abroad, Deputies and alternates designated by the holders in writing
Organizational structure Decentralized
Legal age for marriage 18 years for both sexes
Is there a legal obligation to register marriages? No
Is an official marriage certificate issued as a result of marriage registration?  Yes, immediately

Download sample marriage certificate

Legal informant to register a marriage Bride and groom
Time allowed for registration For the publication of the banns , 10 to 30 days; For the celebration, 2 months after the publication of the banns or 2 months after the customary and religious celebration
Fee for marriage registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for marriage certificate No
Penalty for late registration No
Other official fees involved in the marriage registration process Yes; Filing fee vary by civil registration centre and the day of celebration e.g., if Friday is the wedding day and a celebration request is made on Saturday, the cost is higher.
Additional registration requirements or fees if one spouse was born outside the country or has dual citizenship No
Requirements for marriage registration Copies of the following items are required:

– Birth certificate;

– Any waivers;

– Identity documents of each of the prospective spouses and their respective witnesses;

– Statement of the amount of agreed dowry or the dowry non-payment agreement;

– Medical prenuptial certificate attesting that the future spouses were examined for consent to marriage;

– Marriage contract defining the chosen property regime.

(Law 008/PR/2013, article 30)

Information collected Regarding the spouses: Date of birth (or age) of the bride, Usual place of residence of the bride, Date of birth (or age) of the groom, Occupation and domicile of each spouse, Numbers of CINs of spouses, Names of the parents of bride and groom

Regarding the marriage: Date of registration, Place of occurrence, Place of registration, Date of registration, Matrimonial regime, Dispensations of age, Names and numbers of CINs of the witnesses, Mention of the payment of the dowry, Choice of matrimonial regime

Processing Manually (on paper);  All vital events are directly recorded on non-standardized forms, their fill fields are free and they are filled manually in cursive writing, which prohibits their subsequent exploitation by optical character recognition. However, some civil registration centres in the capital that have received computers enter the information under a software designed for this purpose.
Place of registration Municipalities, Districts, Chief places of the rural communities, Diplomatic representations, Place of occurrence of the marriage
Process for establishing vital statistics on marriage Inheritance, Registration of children
Requirements for marriage registration The Civil Registration Act does not contain clear provisions on the collection and publication of vital statistics, while the Law on national statistics provides for the collection, compilation and dissemination of vital statistics on the basis of civil registers. Despite the existence of a service of statistics (INSEED), vital statistics remain poor in Chad.

Download sample marriage certificate

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for death registration Law 008/PR/2013 (10 May 2013) on the organization of civil registration in the Republic of Chad
Official authorities in charge of registering a death Minister of Territorial Administration and Local Governance (MATGL), Director of Political Affairs and Civil Registration (DAPEC), Municipal mayors of the communes and of the borough, Presidents of rural councils, Officers of the army, Ambassadors and consuls in diplomatic representations in Chad and abroad, Deputies and alternates designated by the holders in writing
Organizational structure Decentralized
Is there a legal obligation to register deaths? Yes (Law 008/PR/2013, article 10)
Is an official death certificate issued as a result of death registration?  Yes, immediately

Download sample death certificate

Legal informant to register a death Surviving spouse, Ascendants or descendants, Close relatives of the deceased, Any person holding the precise information on the civil status of the deceased (Law 008/PR/2013, article 40)
Time allowed for registration 1 month (Law 008/PR/2013, article 40)
Fee for death registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for death certificate Yes
Penalty for late registration No
Other official fees involved in the death registration process Yes, hospital administrative fees
Registration requirements or fees specific for the deaths of people who were residents in the country and also of foreign nationality No
Requirements for death registration Medical death certificate, Identification card, Birth certificate
Information collected Regarding the deceased: Name, Sex, Date of birth or age, Place of usual residence

Regarding the death: Date of death, Date of registration, Place of occurrence, Place of registration, Cause of death, Certifier, Place of occurrence type (hospital, domicile, etc.)

Information collected in case of fetal death When a stillborn child is declared, the declaration is to be entered into the death register and into the birth register, i.e., a lifeless child is declared without a presumption as to whether the child had lived or not (Law 008/PR/2013).
Processing Manually (on paper);  All vital events are directly recorded on non-standardized forms, their fill fields are free and they are filled manually in cursive writing, which prohibits their subsequent exploitation by optical character recognition. However, some civil registration centres in the capital that have received computers enter the information under a software designed for this purpose.
Place of registration Municipalities, Districts, Chief places of the rural communities, Diplomatic representations, Embassies and Consulates (Law 008/PR/2013, article 14)
A death certificate is required for: Inheritance, Obtaining social assistance
Process for establishing vital statistics on deaths The Civil Registration Act does not contain clear provisions on the collection and publication of vital statistics, while the Law on national statistics provides for the collection, compilation and dissemination of vital statistics on the basis of civil registers. Despite the existence of a service of statistics (INSEED), vital statistics remain poor in Chad.

Download sample death certificate

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

MICS

Since its inception in 1995, the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, known as MICS, has become the largest source of statistically sound and internationally comparable data on women and children worldwide. In countries as diverse as Costa Rica, Mali and Qatar, trained fieldwork teams conduct face-to-face interviews with household members on a variety of topics – focusing mainly on those issues that directly affect the lives of children and women.