Key demographic indicators

104.3 PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS

Under-five mortality rate

182,202,000

Population

Disparities by household wealth

Oral rehydration:
Children under five with receiving ORS (%)

Secondary education:
Net attendance ratio in secondary education (%)

Birth registration:
Children under age 5 whose births are registered (%)

HIV/AIDS

Percentage of pregnant women living with HIV receiving most effective ARVs for PMTCT (%)
32
Estimated number of new HIV infections among children 0-14 years
37,000
HIV positive children (aged 0-14) receiving antiretroviral therapy (%)
21
Estimated number of new HIV infections among adolescents aged 15-19
40,000

 

 

A well developed and functioning civil registration system ensures the registration of all vital events including births, marriages and deaths and issues relevant certificates as proof of such registration. Civil registration promotes efficient government planning, effective use of resources and aid, and more accurate monitoring of progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

 

 

Legal framework for birth registration Births, Deaths, Etc. (Compulsory Registration) Act, No. 69 (14 December 1992)
Official authorities in charge of registering births National Population Commission
Organizational structure Centralized
Is there a legal obligation to register the birth of a child? Yes
Is an official birth certificate issued as a result of birth registration? Yes, immediately

Download sample birth certificate

Legal informant to register a birth Parent, Guardian
Time allowed for registration 60 days
Fee for birth registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for birth certificate No
Penalty for late registration Yes, by law, but not enforced
Other official fees involved in the birth registration process No
Requirements or fees specific to children who are eligible for citizenship but were born outside the country No
Requirements or fees specific to children whose parents are foreign nationals No
Requirements for birth registration Identification of the child’s father, Father’s presence at registration, Identification of the child’s mother, Mother’s presence at registration, Name of the child.
Information collected Regarding the child: Name, Sex, Date of birth, Date of registration, Place of occurrence [of the birth], Place of registration

Regarding the mother of the child: Marital status, Place of usual residence

Processing Manually (on paper)
Place of registration Civil registrar’s office, Place of occurrence of the birth
A birth certificate is required for: Identification, Travel, Education
Process for establishing vital statistics on births The registered births are sent from all the registration points to the central office every quarter and at the end of the year; the data are processed and published for the general public.

Download sample birth registration form

Download sample birth certificate

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for marriage registration Births, Deaths, Etc. (Compulsory Registration) Act, No. 69 (14 December 1992)
Official authorities in charge of registering a marriage Local government offices;

Marriage Registry within the Ministry of the Interior

Organizational structure Decentralized
Legal age for marriage 18 years old for men and women
Is there a legal obligation to register marriages? Yes
Is an official marriage certificate issued as a result of marriage registration?  Yes, immediately

Download sample marriage certificate

Legal informant to register a marriage Bride and groom
Time allowed for registration 60 days
Fee for marriage registration Yes
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for marriage certificate No
Penalty for late registration No
Other official fees involved in the marriage registration process Yes
Additional registration requirements or fees if one spouse was born outside the country or has dual citizenship No
Requirements for marriage registration Husband’s presence at registration, Wife’s presence at registration, Residential proof of husband, Residential proof of wife, Proof of wife’s age, Proof of husband’s age, Witness to the marriage
Information collected Regarding the spouses: Date of birth or age of bride, Place of usual residence of bride, Religion of bride, Date of birth or age of groom, Place of usual residence of groom, Religion of groom

Regarding the marriage: Date of occurrence, Date of registration, Place of occurrence, Place of registration

Processing Manually (on paper)
Place of registration Civil registrar’s office, Mayor’s office, Other district or local authority, Place of occurrence of the marriage
A marriage certificate is required for: Processing travel documents, Employment
Process for establishing vital statistics on marriage Information is recorded and stored but not processed.

Download sample marriage registration form

Download sample marriage certificate

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for death registration Births, Deaths, Etc. (Compulsory Registration) Act, No. 69 (14 December 1992)
Official authorities in charge of registering a death National Population Commission
Organizational structure Centralized
Is there a legal obligation to register deaths? Yes
Is an official death certificate issued as a result of death registration?  Yes, immediately

Download sample death certificate

Legal informant to register a death Relative [of the deceased], Hospital
Time allowed for registration Within 48 hours
Fee for death registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for death certificate No
Penalty for late registration No
Other official fees involved in the death registration process No
Registration requirements or fees specific for the deaths of people who were residents in the country and also of foreign nationality No
Requirements for death registration Medical death certificate, Date of death, Age at death
Information collected Regarding the deceased: Name, Sex, Date of birth or age, Marital status, Place of usual residence

Regarding the death: Date of death, Place of occurrence of the death, Type of place of occurrence (hospital, home, etc.), Date of registration, Place of registration, Cause of death, Certifier

Information collected in case of fetal death Date of occurrence of fetal delivery, Date of registration, Place of occurrence, Place of registration, Type of place of occurrence (hospital, home, etc.), Place of usual residence of the mother
Processing Manually (on paper)
Place of registration Civil registrar’s office, Place of occurrence of the death
A death certificate is required for: Inheritance, Payment of benefits of the deceased
Process for establishing vital statistics on deaths Data processing occurs in the central office of National Population Commission in Abuja. Although by law the National Statistical Agency produces and publishes mortality statistics for the country, death registration is carried out by National Population Commission.

Download sample death registration form

Download sample death certificate

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

MICS

Since its inception in 1995, the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, known as MICS, has become the largest source of statistically sound and internationally comparable data on women and children worldwide. In countries as diverse as Costa Rica, Mali and Qatar, trained fieldwork teams conduct face-to-face interviews with household members on a variety of topics – focusing mainly on those issues that directly affect the lives of children and women.