Key demographic indicators

47.4 PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS

Under-five mortality rate

1,725,000

Population

Disparities by household wealth

Oral rehydration:
Children under five with receiving ORS (%)

Secondary education:
Net attendance ratio in secondary education (%)

Birth registration:
Children under age 5 whose births are registered (%)

Early Childhood

Attendance in early childhood education(%)
0
Support for learning (any household member) (%)
Support for learning (father) (%)
0
Learning materials at home – children's books (%)
0
Learning materials at home – playthings (%)
0
Children left in inadequate care (%)
0

GABON

 

 

A well developed and functioning civil registration system ensures the registration of all vital events including births, marriages and deaths and issues relevant certificates as proof of such registration. Civil registration promotes efficient government planning, effective use of resources and aid, and more accurate monitoring of progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

 

 

Legal framework for birth registration Law No. 15/72 (29 July 1972) adopting the first part of the Civil Code, completed by Law No. 009/2010 (9 April 2010)
Official authorities in charge of registering births Civil registrars, who are the only authorities empowered to draw up birth certificates, include prefects and sub-prefects; mayors, borough mayors and their deputies; and the heads of diplomatic missions or consuls and their deputies (Civil Code, part 1, article 157)
Organizational structure Decentralized
Is there a legal obligation to register the birth of a child? Yes (article 59)
Is an official birth certificate issued as a result of birth registration? Yes; In civil registry offices, the vital events are recorded in a large-format book with detachable sheets. The three sections of the book are divided as follows: one is kept in the office for archives, the second is sent to the clerk of the court, and the third is given to the declarant.
Legal informant to register a birth Parents or representative on their behalf; In the absence of the father or mother or their representative, birth declaration may be made by the doctor or the midwife having attended the birth.

However, unless expressly provided by the father or the mother in respect of the declaration of surnames and given names, the doctor or midwife can only indicate to the registrar the sex, date, time and place of birth of the child and, as far as possible, the mother’s name (article 170).

Time allowed for registration 3 days, for births in communes and district capitals; 30 days in other areas

(article 169)

Fee for birth registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for birth certificate No, only for copies
Penalty for late registration No
Other official fees involved in the birth registration process No
Requirements or fees specific to children who are eligible for citizenship but were born outside the country No
Requirements or fees specific to children whose parents are foreign nationals No
Requirements for birth registration A document attesting the birth and denominated according to the place of establishment, which includes:

– Attestation of birth, declaration of birth, medical certificate of delivery, birth certificate, etc., issued by the doctor, midwife or midwife;
– Identity document of one or both parents;
– Family booklet if the parents are married.

Information collected The birth certificate must state:

– The date, place and, if possible, the time of birth

– Sex, first names and surnames of the child

– First names, surnames, ages, places of birth, professions and domicile of the father and mother;

– Where applicable, the surname, first names, professions and domicile of the declarant (article 167)

Processing Manually (on paper)
Place of registration Civil registrar’s office (town hall, prefecture, sub-prefecture)
A birth certificate is required for: Identification, Education, Voting, Inheritance, Obtaining social assistance
Process for establishing vital statistics on births The support of AFRISTAT between 2003 and 2008 made it possible to develop tools for the collection, data capture and processing of vital statistics. However, the Directorate-General of Statistics does not publish vital statistics.

Download sample birth registration form

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for marriage registration Law No. 15/72 (29 July 1972) adopting the first part of the Civil Code, completed by Law No. 009/2010 (9 April 2010)
Official authorities in charge of registering a marriage Civil registrars, who are the only authorities empowered to draw up marriage certificates, include prefects and sub-prefects; mayors, borough mayors and their deputies; and the heads of diplomatic missions or consuls and their deputies (Civil Code, part 1, article 157).
Organizational structure Decentralized
Legal age for marriage 21 years for both sexes;

Exemptions: 18 years for males and 15 for females with parental consent (articles 203 and 205)

Is there a legal obligation to register marriages? Yes, only civil marriage celebrated by a civil registration officer is recognized
Is an official marriage certificate issued as a result of marriage registration?  Yes

The registrar must immediately draw up the marriage act and issue copies to the spouses, together with a marriage certificate and the family book. Religious marriages can only take place on presentation of the marriage certificate (article 232).

Legal informant to register a marriage Spouses, Two witnesses of age from either party
Time allowed for registration No, marriage is celebrated by a civil registration officer
Fee for marriage registration Yes
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for marriage certificate No
Penalty for late registration No
Other official fees involved in the marriage registration process Yes, fees vary from one civil registration centre to another
Additional registration requirements or fees if one spouse was born outside the country or has dual citizenship
Requirements for marriage registration Registration of a marriage requires:

– A handwritten request addressed to the mayor;
– Extract of the birth certificate of the bride and groom;
– Attestation on the honour of celibacy of the bride and groom;
– A form on polygamy for the future spouse if already married;
– Authorization to contract a marriage issued by the hierarchy for the military, gendarmes, police;
– Record of the witnesses of the bride and groom;
– Copy of the identity document of the witnesses;
– Medical certificate of the bride and groom;
– A picture of the identity of the bride and groom.

Information collected The marriage certificate states:
– First names, surnames, professions, ages, dates and places of birth, domicile or residence of the spouses;
– Consent of the father and mother, grandparents or the tutorship council, where required;
– The nationality declared by the spouses, on the question they were asked by the Registrar of Civil Status;
– First names, names, ages, professions and domiciles of the witnesses;
– The choice made by the spouses of monogamy or polygamy;
– The matrimonial regime chosen by the spouses and, if there is a contract, the date of the contract, as well as the name and place of residence of the notary or civil registrar who received it (article 177).
Processing Manually (on paper)
Place of registration Civil registrar’s office (town hall, prefecture, sub-prefecture) of the place of occurrence of the marriage
A marriage certificate is required for: Inheritance, Birth registration
Process for establishing vital statistics on marriage The support of AFRISTAT between 2003 and 2008 made it possible to develop tools for the collection, data capture and processing of vital statistics. However, the Directorate-General of Statistics does not publish vital statistics.

 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for death registration Law No. 15/72 (29 July 1972) adopting the first part of the Civil Code, completed by Law No. 009/2010 (9 April 2010)
Official authorities in charge of registering a death Civil registrars, who are the only authorities empowered to draw up death certificates, include prefects and sub-prefects; mayors, borough mayors and their deputies; and the heads of diplomatic missions or consuls and their deputies (Civil Code, part 1, article 157).
Organizational structure Decentralized
Is there a legal obligation to register deaths? Yes (article 59)
Is an official death certificate issued as a result of death registration?  Yes
Legal informant to register a death Relative of the deceased, Person possessing accurate and complete information, Directors of hospitals, health or educational institutions;

The death certificate is drawn up by the Registrar of the municipality or locality where the death occurred, on the declaration of a relative of the deceased or a person possessing the most accurate and complete information on the civil status of the deceased.

In the case of deaths in hospitals, health or educational establishments, hotels or similar public or private establishments, declarations of death will be made by the directors of such institutions.

The death of a serving member of the army will be reported by the head of the unit to which he or she belongs, unless the member lives with his family or his death occurs during the period of leave or outside the place his unit is stationed (article 179).

Time allowed for registration 24 hours; The death shall be declared no later than 24 hours after the issuance of the burial permit. Except in the cases provided for by the police regulations, burial may take place only 24 hours after death (article 180).
Fee for death registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for death certificate No
Penalty for late registration No
Other official fees involved in the death registration process No
Registration requirements or fees specific for the deaths of people who were residents in the country and also of foreign nationality No
Requirements for death registration Medical death certificate, Copy of the deceased’s identity document or birth certificate, Copy of the declarant’s identity document
Information collected The death certificate states:
– The date, place and, if possible, the time of death;
– Forenames, name, date and place of birth, occupation and domicile of the deceased;
– First names, surnames, professions and domicile of her or his father and mother;
– Surname, forenames, date and place of birth of the spouse of the deceased, if the spouse is still alive, and the date of marriage;
– Forenames, name, age, occupation and domicile of the declarant and, where applicable, her or his degree of relationship with the person who died (article 181).
Information collected in case of fetal death Fetal deaths are not registered.
Processing Manually (on paper)
Place of registration Civil registrar’s office (town hall, prefecture, sub-prefecture) of the place of occurrence of the death
A death certificate is required for: Inheritance, Death insurance
Process for establishing vital statistics on deaths The support of AFRISTAT between 2003 and 2008 made it possible to develop tools for the collection, data capture and processing of vital statistics. However, the Directorate-General of Statistics does not publish vital statistics.

 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

MICS

Since its inception in 1995, the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, known as MICS, has become the largest source of statistically sound and internationally comparable data on women and children worldwide. In countries as diverse as Costa Rica, Mali and Qatar, trained fieldwork teams conduct face-to-face interviews with household members on a variety of topics – focusing mainly on those issues that directly affect the lives of children and women.