Key demographic indicators

71.7 PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS

Under-five mortality rate

11,179,000

Population

Disparities by household wealth

Oral rehydration:
Children under five with receiving ORS (%)

Secondary education:
Net attendance ratio in secondary education (%)

Birth registration:
Children under age 5 whose births are registered (%)

Early Childhood

Learning materials at home – children's books (%)
0
Learning materials at home – playthings (%)
0
Children left in inadequate care (%)
0

 

 

A well developed and functioning civil registration system ensures the registration of all vital events including births, marriages and deaths and issues relevant certificates as proof of such registration. Civil registration promotes efficient government planning, effective use of resources and aid, and more accurate monitoring of progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

 

 

Legal framework for birth registration Legislative Decree No. 1/024 (28 April 1993), reforming the Code of Persons and the Family

Ministerial Order No. 530/102 (29 April 1980), establishing civil registration offices

Legislative Decree No. 1/05 (22 April 2009), revising the Penal Code

Official authorities in charge of registering births Directorate General of Territorial Administration at the Ministry of the Interior and Patriotic Training

Director, Department of Population

Registrar: communal administrator or in his absence, the deputy officer

Organizational structure Decentralized
Is there a legal obligation to register the birth of a child? Yes
Is an official birth certificate issued as a result of birth registration? Yes, but upon request

Download sample birth certificate

Legal informant to register a birth Father of the child; In default of the father, the mother; In the absence of the father and mother, any person who has attended to the birth

(Code of Persons and the Family, article 38)

Time allowed for registration 15 days
Fee for birth registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No, parents must pay penalties for late registration;

However, the provincial governor authorizes the registration of birth declaration received after the legal registration period (Code of Persons and the Family, article 45).

Fee for birth certificate Yes
Penalty for late registration Yes; Any person who, being obliged to make the declarations of birth or death, fails to do so within a statutory time limit, or who, when summoned by the officer of the court to make the declaration of birth or death refuses to appear or testify, is punished by a fine (Penal Code, article 359).
Other official fees involved in the birth registration process No
Requirements or fees specific to children who are eligible for citizenship but were born outside the country Yes; In addition to the costs of investigation and publication, there is a fixed fee, the amount of which is determined by the Joint Ordinance of Ministers having Finance and Justice in their attributions (Nationality Code, article 9)
Requirements or fees specific to children whose parents are foreign nationals Yes
Requirements for birth registration Identification of the child’s father, Identification of the child’s mother, Name of the child
Information collected Regarding the child: Name, Sex, Date of birth, Date of registration, Place of occurrence of the birth, Place of registration

Regarding the mother of the child: Age, Place of usual residence, Occupation, Citizenship

Regarding the father of the child: Age, Place of usual residence, Occupation, Citizenship

(Per Code of Persons and the Family, article 39)

Processing Manually (on paper);

All vital events are directly recorded on non-standardized forms, their fill fields are free and they are manually filled in cursive writing, which prohibits their subsequent exploitation by optical character recognition.

Place of registration Civil registration offices of communes (municipalities), at place of residence of the mother
A birth certificate is required for: Identification, Education, Inheritance, Obtaining social assistance
Process for establishing vital statistics on births There is no provision in the law for production of vital statistics, and no text provides for cooperation between the various ministries working in the field of civil registration.

There is a lack of a formal mechanism for the collection, production and dissemination of vital statistics, and a lack of interoperability between civil registration services. In addition vital registers are not designed for sociodemographic exploitation.

Download sample birth certificate

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for marriage registration Legislative Decree No. 1/024 (28 April 1993), reforming the Code of Persons and the Family

Ministerial Order No. 530/102 (29 April 1980), establishing civil registration offices

Official authorities in charge of registering a marriage Directorate General of Territorial Administration at the Ministry of the Interior and Patriotic Training

Director, Department of Population

Registrar: communal administrator, in his absence the deputy officer

Organizational structure Decentralized
Legal age for marriage 21 years for males, 18 years for females;

Exemptions: The provincial governor may grant exemption from age for serious reasons (Code of Persons and the Family, article 88).

Is there a legal obligation to register marriages? No
Is an official marriage certificate issued as a result of marriage registration?  Yes, immediately (family record book)

Download sample marriage certificate 

Legal informant to register a marriage Bride and groom
Time allowed for registration N/A
Fee for marriage registration Yes, varies by municipality
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for marriage certificate Yes, varies by municipality
Penalty for late registration N/A
Other official fees involved in the marriage registration process Yes, filing fees vary by civil registration centre
Additional registration requirements or fees if one spouse was born outside the country or has dual citizenship No
Requirements for marriage registration Presence of husband at place of registration, Presence of wife at place of registration, Residential evidence of husband, Residential evidence of wife, Proof of wife’s age, Proof of husband’s age
Information collected Regarding the spouses: Date of birth or age of bride, Place of usual residence of bride, Date of birth or age of groom, Place of usual residence of groom
Processing Manually (on paper);

All vital events are directly recorded on non-standardized forms, their fill fields are free and they are manually filled in cursive writing, which prohibits their subsequent exploitation by optical character recognition.

Place of registration Civil registration offices of communes (municipalities),  Place where the marriage occurred
A marriage certificate is required for: Inheritance, Registration of children, Insurance
Process for establishing vital statistics on marriage There is no provision in the law for production of vital statistics, and no text provides for cooperation between the various ministries working in the field of civil registration. There is a lack of a formal mechanism for the collection, production and dissemination of vital statistics, and a lack of interoperability between civil registration services. In addition vital registers are not designed for sociodemographic exploitation.

Download sample marriage certificate 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

Legal framework for death registration Legislative Decree No. 1/024 (28 April 1993), reforming the Code of Persons and the Family

Ministerial Order No. 530/102 (29 April 1980), establishing civil registration offices

Official authorities in charge of registering a death Directorate General of Territorial Administration at the Ministry of the Interior and Patriotic Training

Director, Department of Population

Registrar: communal administrator, in his absence, the deputy officer

Organizational structure Decentralized
Is there a legal obligation to register deaths? Yes
Is an official death certificate issued as a result of death registration?  Yes, upon request

Download sample death certificate 

Legal informant to register a death Any person determined by the registrar

The registrar shall take the necessary measures to ensure that any death in his or her jurisdiction is duly declared. To this end, he may invite any person likely to know the death to make the declaration (Code of Persons and the Family, article 43).

Time allowed for registration 15 days
Fee for death registration No
Can the fee be increased or waived? No
Fee for death certificate Yes
Penalty for late registration Yes; Any person who, being obliged to make the declarations of birth or death, fails to do so within a statutory time limit, or who, when summoned by the officer of the court to make the declaration of birth or death refuses to appear or testify, is punished by a fine (Penal Code, article 359).
Other official fees involved in the death registration process No
Registration requirements or fees specific for the deaths of people who were residents in the country and also of foreign nationality No
Requirements for death registration No
Information collected Regarding the deceased: Name, Sex, Age, Place of birth, Place of usual residence, Occupation, Name of parents, Name of spouse

Regarding the death: Date of death, Date of registration, Place of occurrence, Place of registration

Information collected in case of fetal death Fetal death is not registered.
Processing Manually (on paper); All vital events are directly recorded on non-standardized forms, their fill fields are free and they are manually filled in cursive writing, which prohibits their subsequent exploitation by optical character recognition.
Place of registration Civil registration offices of communes (municipalities), Place of residence of the deceased
A death certificate is required for: Burial, Inheritance, Obtaining social assistance
Process for establishing vital statistics on deaths There is no provision in the law for production of vital statistics, and no text provides for cooperation between the various ministries working in the field of civil registration. There is a lack of a formal mechanism for the collection, production and dissemination of vital statistics, and a lack of interoperability between civil registration services. In addition vital registers are not designed for sociodemographic exploitation.

Download sample death certificate 

Data sources: Information on civil registration systems was compiled over a period from December 2016 to November 2017 using the existing relevant legal frameworks and in consultation with CRVS experts, officials within the relevant national institutions, and UNICEF country offices. All reasonable precautions have been taken by UNICEF to verify this country profile; updates will be made to reflect changes in policy and implementation and/or new information.

 

MICS

Since its inception in 1995, the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, known as MICS, has become the largest source of statistically sound and internationally comparable data on women and children worldwide. In countries as diverse as Costa Rica, Mali and Qatar, trained fieldwork teams conduct face-to-face interviews with household members on a variety of topics – focusing mainly on those issues that directly affect the lives of children and women.