Children, HIV and AIDS: The world today and in 2030

The world pledged to end AIDS by 2030. While we have seen remarkable progress in the past decade among children aged 0-9 years, adolescents have been left behind in HIV prevention efforts. A staggering 360,000 adolescents are projected to die of AIDS-related diseases between 2018 and 2030 without additional investment in HIV prevention, testing and treatment programs.

On World AIDS Day 2018, UNICEF is releasing global and regional snapshots of the world today and a new analysis of the situation for children and adolescents projected to 2030.

The world today: Global and regional snapshots

Click to access snapshots: GlobalEastern and Southern AfricaWest and Central AfricaSouth AsiaLatin America and the CaribbeanEast Asia and the PacificMiddle East and North AfricaEastern Europe and Central Asia

  • 3.0 million children and adolescents are living with HIV
  • 430,000 children and adolescents became newly infected with the virus in 2017
  • 130,000 children and adolescents died from AIDS-related causes in 2017

The world in 2030

  • 1.9 million children and adolescents are projected to be living with HIV
  • 270,000 children and adolescents are projected to become newly infected with the virus annually
  • 56,000 children and adolescents are projected to die from AIDS-related causes annually
  • 2.0 million new HIV infections could be averted between 2018 and 2030 if global goals are met – 1.5 million of these would be averted among adolescents

Access projections to 2030

Learn more

Access global snapshot

Learn more

Eastern and Southern Africa

West and Central Africa

South Asia

Latin America and the Caribbean

East Asia and the Pacific

Middle East and North Africa

Europe and Central Asia