Patterns of mortality change as children enter adolescence

In 2012 alone, an estimated 1.3 million deaths occurred worldwide among 10–19-year-olds.[1] Road injuries, AIDS-related causes, suicide, lower respiratory infections and interpersonal violence were the top five leading causes of death in adolescents and young people in 2012.[2] However, there has been a modest drop in the adolescent mortality rate from 126 deaths per 100,000 in 2000 to 111 per 100,000 in 2012.[3] Despite this overall decline in mortality, the estimated number of global AIDS-related deaths among adolescents aged 10-19 has nearly tripled from 21,000 in 2000 to 60,000 in 2014, despite decreasing among all other age groups.[4] This negative trend is likely attributed to the increasing number of perinatally-infected infants who have survived into adolescence, often undetected or initiated late and not retained on treatment.


Adolescent well-being encompasses many dimensions and UNICEF monitors several adolescent-specific indicators in the following vital areas: