A child is a child – Protecting children on the move from violence, abuse and exploitation

May 18, 2017

Among the millions of children on the move worldwide, many – including hundreds of thousands of unaccompanied children and adolescents – undertake dangerous journeys. This report shows how the lack of safe and legal pathways for refugee and migrant children feeds a booming market for human smuggling and puts them at risk of violence, abuse and exploitation. It presents latest data on the scale of these movements, the major routes taken and the perils experienced by these children on the move in from of trafficking, exploitation and even deaths. Building on recent UNICEF policy proposals, it sets out ways that governments can better protect these vulnerable children.

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Is every child counted? Status of data for children in the SDGs

Mar 6, 2017

“Is every child counted” provides a status report on the data availability of child related SDG indicators showing that sufficient data is available only for half of those. Many indicators, such as those on poverty and violence cannot be compared, and are either too limited or of poor quality, leaving governments without the information they need to accurately address challenges facing millions of children, or to track progress towards achieving the Goals. The report also identifies priorities for enhancing the collection, analysis and use of data for children.

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Safely managed drinking water

Feb 6, 2017

This Thematic Report on Safely Managed Drinking Water considers the implications of SDG target 6.1, ‘By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all’ and outlines JMP plans for enhanced monitoring of drinking water in the SDG era.

 

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For Every Child, End AIDS: Seventh Stocktaking Report, 2016

Nov 30, 2016

Children are still dying of AIDS-related causes.  Children living with HIV (aged 0–4) face the highest risk of AIDS-related death compared to all other age groups. The AIDS-response must focus on solutions for this extremely vulnerable population. Preventing new infections, but also testing and starting treatment early are the best ways to end AIDS among the youngest children. In an age when the tools and knowledge are at hand to prevent and treat HIV in children, new infections and deaths among this age group reflect a collective failure to prioritise children.

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Collecting and Reporting of Sex-and Age-Disaggregated Data on Adolescents at the Sub-National Level

Nov 18, 2016

This document guides countries through the process of collecting and reporting sub-national data on adolescents to inform programme planning and implementation efforts.  It has been developed with the specific aim of identifying data gaps for adolescents and informing immediate programme planning needs at the sub-national level.

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One is Too Many: Ending Child Deaths from Pneumonia and Diarrhoea

Nov 10, 2016

For most children around the world, pneumonia and diarrhoea are easily prevented and managed illnesses with simple and effective interventions that are rarely life threatening. However, not all children are so fortunate. This report describes the face of current pneumonia and diarrhoea-related mortality and illustrates the startling divide between those being reached and the abundant number of children left behind, which threatens sustainable development for the world’s poorest nations.

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From the First Hour of Life: A New Report on Infant and Young Child Feeding

Oct 14, 2016

A new global report from UNICEF, From the First Hour of Life: Making the case for improved infant and young child feeding everywhere, provides a global status update on infant and young child feeding practices and puts forth recommendations for improving them. The report is divided into two parts: Part I focuses on breastfeeding and Part II looks at complementary feeding practices. Each part reviews the most recent evidence on infant and young child feeding practices and provides updated global and regional estimates and trends, where available, as well as disaggregated analyses.

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Uprooted: The Growing Crisis for Refugee and Migrant Children

Sep 6, 2016

Around the world, nearly 50 million children have migrated across borders or been forcibly displaced – and that’s a conservative estimate. More than half of these boys and girls fled violence and insecurity – 28 million in total. This report presents, for the first time, comprehensive global data about these children – where they are born, where they move, and some of the dangers they face along the way. The report sheds light on the truly global nature of childhood migration and displacement, highlighting major challenges in every region.

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The State of the World’s Children 2016 Report

Jun 30, 2016

This edition of The State of the World’s Children argues that progress for the most disadvantaged children is the defining condition for delivering on the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. The data in this report show, unless we accelerate the pace of our progress, the futures of millions of disadvantaged and vulnerable children – and therefore the future of their societies – will be imperilled. The flagship publication contains  the latest update to the comprehensive statistics provided by UNICEF on child well-being.

 

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Guidance Document: Strengthening the Adolescent Component of National HIV Programmes through Country Assessments

Mar 22, 2016

This guidance document and its accompanying tool, the Adolescent Assessment and Decision-Makers Tool (AADM), were devised to facilitate country assessments aimed at strengthening the adolescent component of national HIV programmes. The purpose of the country assessments is to: (1) support country teams in the identification of equity and performance gaps affecting adolescent HIV programming; and (2) define priority actions to improve the effectiveness of the national adolescent HIV response.

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Child Protection Resource Pack

Jan 20, 2016

The purpose of this resource pack is to strengthen the evidence base of child protection through clear and practical guidance for improved planning and M&E practices and documentation of good practices and lessons learned, in line with the main approaches in UNICEF’s Child Protection Strategy (2008) and the refocus in UNICEF on monitoring results for equity. The resource pack is a joint initiative between the UNICEF Child Protection Section, the Data and Analytics Section (in the Division of Research and Policy), the Evaluation Office and the Field Results Group.

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Every Newborn Action Plan: Country Implementation Tracking Tool Report

Dec 1, 2015

The Every Newborn action plan is based on the latest epidemiology, evidence and global and country learning, and supports the United Nations Secretary-General’s Every Woman Every Child movement. The preparation was guided by the advice of experts and partners, led by WHO and UNICEF, and by the outcome of several multi-stakeholder consultations and a web-based consultation with more than 300 comments.

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Every Newborn Action Plan: Country Progress Tracking Report

Dec 1, 2015

The Every Newborn action plan is based on the latest epidemiology, evidence and global and country learning, and supports the United Nations Secretary-General’s Every Woman Every Child movement. The preparation was guided by the advice of experts and partners, led by WHO and UNICEF, and by the outcome of several multi-stakeholder consultations and a web-based consultation with more than 300 comments.

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Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990 to 2015

Nov 12, 2015

This summary presents new estimates of maternal mortality produced by the Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group (MMEIG) as part of global and country monitoring of the Millennium Development Goal five. The estimates for 1990 to 2015 presented in this summary are the eighth in a series of analyses by the MMEIG to examine global, regional and country progress in reducing maternal mortality.

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Early Marriage: A traditional harmful practice – A statistical exploration

Oct 22, 2015

This study utilizes household survey data from the Demographic and Health Surveys to assess child marriage levels by country and provide further analysis of how child marriage correlates with additional indicators. For this analysis, data are analysed for countries with surveys conducted during 1995–2003. The surveys cover women aged 15–49. The objective of this study is to present available empirical evidence obtained through household surveys in order to estimate the prevalence of child marriage and to identify and understand the factors associated with child marriage and cohabitation. The report presents a global assessment of child marriage levels, differentials in child marriage rates according to socio-economic and demographic variables, characteristics of the union, and knowledge and access to sexual and reproductive health information and materials.

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Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water 2015 Assessement and MDG update

Jun 30, 2015

Looking back on 25 years of water, sanitation and hygiene monitoring, the report  provides a comprehensive assessment of progress since 1990.  The MDG target for drinking water was achieved in 2010 but the world has missed the sanitation target by almost 700 million people. In 2015, 663 million people still lack improved drinking water sources, 2.4 billion lack improved sanitation facilities and 946 million still practice open defecation.

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Progress for Children Report

Jun 23, 2015

This eleventh edition of Progress for Children is UNICEF’s final report on the child-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It presents latest data that show while the MDGs helped drive tremendous advances in the lives of the world’s children, development efforts in the past 15 years failed to reach millions of the most disadvantaged. The report spotlights where the international community must now focus attention and action to reach the most vulnerable children and achieve sustainable growth.

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Fixing the Broken Promise of Education for All – Findings from the Global Initiative on Out-of-school Children

Jan 19, 2015

Around 63 million adolescents between the ages of 12 to 15 years are denied their right to an education according to a new joint report from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics and UNICEF. The report and related data tool were sponsored by the Global Partnership for Education.  

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The State of the World’s Children 2015

Nov 20, 2014

To mark the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, this edition of The State of the World’s Children calls for brave and fresh thinking to address age-old problems that still affect the world’s most disadvantaged children. The report is inspired by the work of innovators around the world – who are pushing boundaries and crafting solutions for local problems that reflect urgent global needs – towards a future in which all children can enjoy their rights. The Executive Summary features many of the elements that are highlighted in the main interactive online report, including the extraordinary stories of young innovators. It also presents key statistics on child survival, development and protection for the world’s countries, areas and regions.

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Immunization Summary: A statistical reference containing data through 2013

Nov 10, 2014

This immunization summary is a statistical reference containing data through 2013. It was jointly produced by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO). It presents detailed statistics on the performance of national and district-level immunization systems in 195 countries and territories.

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Measuring Violence against Children – Inventory and assessment of quantitative studies – publication

Nov 3, 2014

The Child Protection Monitoring and Evaluation Reference Group’s (CP MERG) Technical Working Group on Data Collection on Violence against Children was established to provide guidance in this area and to produce outputs that can assist countries and partners in their efforts to gather data that are both reliable and useful and obtained in an ethically sensitive manner. The goal is to support, facilitate and coordinate the development of guidelines, standards and tools for the collection of data on violence against children at global, regional and national levels. With these objectives in mind, the Working Group decided to undertake a review of quantitative studies on violence against children to provide an overview of some recent data-collection activities that will feed into the development of guidelines.

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Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed – Progress Report 2014

Sep 16, 2014

This report looks at causes of death and coverage of key interventions for mother and newborn and highlights initiatives by governments, civil society and the private sector to accelerate progress on child survival.

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Levels and Trends in Child Mortality Report 2014

Sep 16, 2014

Recent estimates show that the number of under-five deaths worldwide has declined by half since 1990, from 12.7 million to 6.3 million today. Yet, 17,000 children under age five still die every day in 2013.

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Hidden in Plain Sight: A statistical analysis of violence against children

Sep 4, 2014

Hidden in Plain Sight: A statistical analysis of violence against children is the largest-ever compilation of data on the subject of violence against children. The report sheds light on the prevalence of different forms of violence against children, with global figures and data from 190 countries.

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Generation 2030 | Africa: Child demographics in Africa

Aug 12, 2014

Africa, already the world’s second most populous continent with over 1 billion inhabitants, is experiencing a demographic shift unprecedented in its scale and swiftness.

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Measuring the Determinants of Childhood Vulnerability

Aug 1, 2014

Despite significant achievements in the global AIDS response throughout the past decade – declining new infections, decreased AIDS-related mortality, and the increased scale-up and availability of antiretroviral therapy – HIV and AIDS continue to have adverse impacts on the lives of children and families worldwide (UNAIDS 2012).

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The Millennium Development Goals Report 2014

Jul 30, 2014

The MDGs brought together governments, the international community, civil society and the private sector to achieve concrete goals for development and poverty eradication. Much has been accomplished through the concerted and focused efforts of all, saving and improving the lives of many people, but the agenda remains unfinished.

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The contribution of malaria control to maternal and newborn health

Jul 1, 2014

Today, easily implementable malaria control interventions are available to allow women to deliver healthy babies. The roll-out of two simple preventive measures, intermittent preventive treatment during pregnancy (IPTp) and insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITNs) is significantly associated with an 18% decrease in the risk of neonatal mortality.

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Countdown to 2015: Maternal, Newborn & Child Survival. Fulfilling the Health Agenda for Women and Children: The 2014 Report

Jun 30, 2014

The 2014 report was released exactly 18 months to the day from the deadline for the Millennium Development Goals at the end of 2015. It includes an updated, detailed profile for each of the 75 Countdown countries, which together account for more than 95% of the global burden of maternal, newborn and child death.

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Every Newborn: An Action Plan to End Preventable Deaths

Jun 1, 2014

The Every Newborn action plan is based on the latest epidemiology, evidence and global and country learning, and supports the United Nations Secretary-General’s Every Woman Every Child movement. The preparation was guided by the advice of experts and partners, led by WHO and UNICEF, and by the outcome of several multi-stakeholder consultations and a web-based consultation with more than 300 comments.

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Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation – 2014 Report

May 1, 2014

The world has made great strides in increasing access to drinking water and sanitation for billions of people but progress has been uneven.

This joint WHO/UNICEF report documents the gains that have been made since 1990 and highlights substantive disparities such as those between regions, rural and urban areas and for marginalized groups.

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World Malaria Report 2013

May 1, 2014

The World Malaria Report 2013 summarizes information received from malaria-endemic countries and other sources, and updates the analyses presented in the 2012 report.

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State of the World’s Children 2014 In Numbers: Every Child Counts

Jan 8, 2014

The State of the World’s Children 2014 In Numbers: Every Child Counts highlights the critical role data and monitoring play in realizing children’s rights. Credible data, disseminated effectively and used correctly, make it possible to target interventions that help right the wrong of exclusion. Data do not, of themselves, change the world. They make change possible – by identifying needs, supporting advocacy, gauging progress and holding duty bearers to account. Making the possible real is up to decision makers.

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Every Child’s Birth Right: Inequities and trends in birth registration

Dec 12, 2013

This publication presents the latest available data on the extent of unregistered children and assesses progress to date in increasing birth registration rates worldwide.

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Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed Progress Report 2013

Sep 9, 2013

Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed is a global movement to end preventable child deaths. Under the leadership of participating governments and in support of the United Nations Secretary-General’s Every Woman Every Child strategy, A Promise Renewed brings together public, private and civil society actors committed to advocacy and action for maternal, newborn and child survival.

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Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical overview and exploration of the dynamics of change, Executive Summary

Jul 22, 2013

This report is a comprehensive statistical overview of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in the 29 countries where the practice is concentrated. Analysis of the data reflects current perspectives on FGM/C, informed by the latest policy, programmatic and theoretical evidence.

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Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical overview and exploration of the dynamics of change

Jul 22, 2013

This report is a comprehensive statistical overview of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in the 29 countries where the practice is concentrated. Analysis of the data reflects current perspectives on FGM/C, informed by the latest policy, programmatic and theoretical evidence.

Download full report (PDF) | (Fr)

The Millennium Development Goals 2013; Goal 4 – Addendum

Jun 1, 2013

The UN Secretary General’s Millennium Development Goals Report 2013 highlights how UNICEF, in close collaboration with UN agencies and Member States, is making a direct contribution to the dissemination and use of information for decision making.

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Household Survey Indicators for Malaria Control 2013 edition

Jun 1, 2013

The purpose of this manual is to provide detailed specifications for the indicators that can be measured through household surveys and the data that is required for their construction, as well as the issues related to their interpretation.

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Improving Child Nutrition: The achievable imperative for global progress

Apr 1, 2013

This report builds on earlier findings on the impact of undernutrition by highlighting new developments and demonstrating that efforts to scale up nutrition programmes are working, benefiting children in many countries.

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Towards an AIDS-free generation – Children and AIDS Stocktaking Report, 2013

Jan 1, 2013

An AIDS-free generation means a generation in which all children are born free of HIV and remain so for the first two decades of life, from birth through adolescence.

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Progress on Sanitation and Drinking – Water – 2013 Update

Jan 1, 2013

WHO and UNICEF monitor access to drinking water and sanitation through the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water supply and Sanitation.

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Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013

Jan 1, 2013

The United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) updates child mortality estimates annually, and this report presents the IGME’s latest estimates of under-five, infant and neonatal mortality and assesses progress towards MDG 4 at the regional and global levels.

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The Millennium Development Goals 2012; Goal 4 – Addendum

Jun 1, 2012

In this edition of the MDG report, Ban Ki-Moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations highlights several milestones in the foreword: “The target of reducing extreme poverty by half has been reached five years ahead of the 2015 deadline, as has the target of halving the proportion of people who lack dependable access to improved sources of drinking water. Conditions for more than 200 million people living in slums have been ameliorated—double the 2020 target. Primary school enrolment of girls equalled that of boys, and we have seen accelerating progress in reducing child and maternal mortality.”

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Pneumonia and diarrhoea: Tackling the deadliest diseases for the world’s poorest children

Jun 1, 2012

This report makes a remarkable and compelling argument for tackling two of the leading killers of children under age 5: pneumonia and diarrhoea.

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Progress for Children: A report card on adolescents: Number 10, April 2012

Apr 1, 2012

This edition of Progress for Children sets out who adolescents are, where they live, what they do, what their problems are and how their needs are – or are not – being met.

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Accountability for Maternal, Newborn and Child Survival: An update on progress in priority countries

Mar 1, 2012

In this publication, Countdown to 2015 provides profiles for the countries where more than 95% of all maternal and child deaths occur.  The profiles highlight how well each country is doing in increasing coverage of high-impact interventions that can save the lives of millions of women and children.

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The State of the World’s Children 2012: Children in an Urban World

Feb 8, 2012

This edition of The State of the World’s Children explores the increasingly urban experience of childhood. Over half the world’s people – including more than a billion children – now live in cities and towns.

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Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012

Jan 1, 2012

The United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) updates child mortality estimates annually, and this report presents the IGME’s latest estimates of under-five, infant and neonatal mortality and assesses progress towards MDG 4 at the regional and global levels.

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Building a Future for Women and Children: The 2012 Report

Jan 1, 2012

The United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) updates child mortality estimates annually, and this report presents the IGME’s latest estimates of under-five, infant and neonatal mortality and assesses progress towards MDG 4 at the regional and global levels. Some of the changes that are presented in this edition include the production of sex-specific estimates and the addition of uncertainty intervals for the estimates.

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Generation 2025 and beyond: The critical importance of understanding demographic trends for children of the 21st century

Jan 1, 2012

This report highlights key demographic trends for children in the 21st century, and proposed policy responses to accompany them in order to ensure continued focus on child well-being.

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World Malaria Report 2012

Jan 1, 2012

The World Malaria Report 2012 summarizes information received from 104 malaria-endemic countries and other sources, and updates the analyses presented in the 2011 report. It highlights the progress made towards the global malaria targets set for 2015, and describes current challenges for global malaria control and elimination.

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Drinking Water: Equity, safety and sustainability – 2011 Thematic Report

Oct 22, 2011

This thematic report on drinking water highlights the substantive challenges that remain in achieving safe, sustainable and equitable access to drinking water.

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Progress and impact series: Number 7 – September 2011 – A Decade of Partnership and Results

Sep 1, 2011

Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation. The “UN Decade to Roll Back Malaria” was proclaimed soon after all UN Member States made a commitment to tackle the disease in their landmark 2001 General Assembly resolution. This report documents the remarkable progress that has been made.

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The Millennium Development Goals Report 2011

Jun 1, 2011

The UN Secretary General’s MDG Report 2011 presents the most up-to-date information on the progress made to reach the Millennium Development Goals by the internationally agreed deadline of 2015.

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Child Protection from Violence, Exploitation and Abuse

May 1, 2011

This statistical snapshot was prepared in June 2011 and summarizes available data on some of UNICEF’s key child protection indicators: birth registration, FGM/C, child discipline, child marriage, child labour, sexual violence against girls and attitudes towards wife-beating.

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Opportunity in Crisis: Preventing HIV from early adolescence to young adulthood

May 1, 2011

This report, published was by UNICEF with UNAIDS, UNESCO, UNFPA, ILO, WHO and the World Bank.

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The State of the World’s Children 2011: Adolescents: An Age of Opportunity

Feb 1, 2011

In the foreword to this State of the World’s Children 2011 edition, Anthony Lake, Executive Director of UNICEF writes: “Adolescence is not only a time of vulnerability, it is also an age of opportunity. This is especially true when it comes to adolescent girls. We know that the more education a girl receives, the more likely she is to postpone marriage and motherhood – and the more likely it is that her children will be healthier and better educated. By giving all young people the tools they need to improve their own lives, and by engaging them in efforts to improve their communities, we are investing in the strength of their societies.

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Monitoring maternal, newborn and child health: understanding key progress indicators

Jan 1, 2011

Countdown to 2015 is a global movement of academics, governments, international agencies, health-care professional associations, donors and nongovernmental organizations, with The Lancet as a key partner. It uses country-specific data to stimulate and support country progress towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

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Levels and Trends in Child Mortality, Report 2011

Jan 1, 2011

The United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) updates child mortality estimates annually, and this report presents the IGME’s latest estimates of under-five and infant mortality and, for the first time, estimates of neonatal mortality. It also assesses progress towards MDG 4 at the regional and global levels.

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Child Disciplinary Practices at Home: Evidence from a Range of Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Jan 1, 2011

The UNICEF report on Child Disciplinary Practices at Home addresses the development of a national research agenda on violence against children across settings where violence occurs.

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Boys and Girls in the Life Cycle: Sex disaggregated data on a selection of well-being indicators, from early childhood to young adulthood

Jan 1, 2011

This report presents the most comprehensive compilation to date of sex-disaggregated statistics on children and young people in the developing world.

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Immunization Summary: A statistical reference containing data through 2010

Jan 1, 2011

This immunization summary is a statistical reference containing data through 2009. It was jointly produced by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO). It presents detailed statistics on the performance of national and district-level immunization systems in 194 countries and territories.

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Immunization Summary: A statistical reference containing data through 2009

Jan 1, 2011

This immunization summary is a statistical reference containing data through 2008. It was jointly produced by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO). It presents detailed statistics on the performance of national and district-level immunization systems in 194 countries and territories.

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Global HIV/AIDS response: Epidemic update and health sector progress towards Universal Access, Progress report 2011

Jan 1, 2011

The Progress report 2011: Global HIV/AIDS response reviews progress made until the end of 2010 in scaling up access to health sector interventions for HIV prevention, treatment, care and support in low–and middle-income countries.

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Progress for Children: Achieving the MDGs with Equity: Number 9, September 2010

Sep 1, 2010

‘Achieving the MDGs with Equity’ is the focus of this ninth edition of Progress for Children, UNICEF’s report card series that monitors progress towards the MDGs.

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The Millennium Development Goals Report 2010

Jun 1, 2010

In this sixth edition of the MDG report published annually, a thorough review of the progress made toward reaching the MDGs by 2015 is presented. Sha Zukang, UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, writes: “The Millennium Development Goals are still attainable.

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Progress and impact series: Number 2 – April 2010 – World Malaria Day 2010: Africa Update

Apr 1, 2010

The report, released on World Malaria Day 2010, focuses on the fight against malaria through prevention and treatment in Africa and highlights the importance of achieving and sustaining malaria control as a key strategy for achieving many of the Millennium Development Goals in malaria endemic African countries.

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Progress and impact series: Number 1 – March 2010 – Malaria Funding & Resource Utilization: The First Decade of Roll Back Malaria

Mar 1, 2010

This first report released as part of the 2010-2011 Roll Back Malaria Progress and Impact series, highlights recent increase in external funding for malaria control over the last ten years in twelve countries due mainly to support from Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, the US President’s Malaria Initiative and the World Bank Booster Program for Malaria Control in Africa.

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Access to sanitation in countries of East Asia: a snapshot of the status in 2008

Jan 9, 2010

A regional perspective based on new data from the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation – Prepared for the 2nd East Asia Ministerial Conference on Sanitation and Hygiene Manila, Philippines.

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Countdown to 2015: Taking stock of maternal, newborn and child survival – Decade Report (2000-2010)

Jan 1, 2010

Countdown to 2015 is global movement of academics, governments, international agencies, health care professional associations, donors and nongovernmental organizations, with The Lancet as a key partner. It uses country-specific data to stimulate and support country progress towards achieving the health-related MDGs by focusing on coverage of effective interventions for maternal, newborn and child health and coverage determinants, including health systems and policies, financial flows and equity.

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The Dynamics of Social Change: Towards the abandonment of female genital mutilation/cutting in five African countries

Jan 1, 2010

This Innocenti Insight publication examines the social dynamics of the abandonment of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in five countries – Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Senegal and Sudan – and seeks to inform policies and programmes aimed at ending the practice.

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Children and AIDS: Fifth Stocktaking Report, 2010

Jan 1, 2010

Advocacy and investment on behalf of children affected by AIDS have had an impact, and the goal of eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV appears within reach.

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Levels and Trends in Child Mortality, Report 2010

Jan 1, 2010

The United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) was formed in 2004 to share data on child mortality, harmonize estimates within the UN system, improve methods for child mortality estimation and produce consistent estimates of child mortality worldwide for reporting on progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. IGME updates child mortality estimates annually, and this report presents the IGME’s latest estimates of under-five and infant mortality and assesses progress towards MDG 4 at the regional and global levels.

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Long-term evaluation of the Tostan programme in Senegal: Kolda, Thiès and Fatick regions

Jan 1, 2008

The report presents the results of an evaluation conducted to assess the long-term impact of Tostan programme. Tostan is a non-governmental organization set up in Senegal in 1991 to encourage social change based on capacity-building at the community level.

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Child labour and school attendance: Evidence from MICS and DHS surveys

Jan 1, 2008

Child labour is one of the obstacles on the way to the Millennium Development Goal of universal primary education. This paper presents data on child labour and school attendance from 35 household surveys that cover one quarter of the world’s population. The data were collected with Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) between 1999 and 2005. Estimates for child labour and school attendance are described at the aggregate level for each country, as well as disaggregated by age, sex, place of residence and household wealth.

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Changing a Harmful Social Convention: Female genital mutilation/cutting, Innocenti Digest

Jan 1, 2008

This Innocenti Digest examines the prevalence of FGM/C and its social dynamics. It provides an explanation as to why the practice persists and of the elements necessary for its abandonment.

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Coordinated strategy to abandon FGM/C in one generation

Jan 1, 2007

This technical note describes a human rights-based approach to FGM/C programming and aims to provide guidance to programmers to bring about a large-scale abandonment of FGM/C in sub-Saharan Africa, Egypt and Sudan.

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Child labour, education and the principle of non-discrimination

Jan 1, 2005

UNICEF estimates that out of the 115 million children out of school, 62 million of them are girls. Many of these children work but traditional indicators of child labour often underestimate the amount of girls’ work because they ignore household chores. The human rights principle of non-discrimination requires that all work by children – whether of a domestic nature or not – be considered equally in the analysis of child labour. This paper presents estimates of child labour in sub-Saharan Africa that include household chores and thus reveal the discrimination against girls. The authors also investigate to what extent participation in child labour leads to lower school attendance and increased repetition and drop-out rates, and whether child labour affects girls and boys differently. The data in the study were collected in MICS and DHS household surveys from 18 African countries.

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Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical exploration

Jan 1, 2005

The object of this study is to present estimates of prevalence levels of FGM/C across and within countries, as well as the circumstances surrounding the practice.

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