As part of the Sustainable Development Goal agenda, the world has committed to ending preventable child deaths by 2030. Yet every day, nearly 700 children die from tuberculosis (TB), 80% of those before reaching their fifth birthday. Treatment exists that could prevent nearly all of these deaths, but less than 5% of the children who need it receive access.
This brochure presents key facts and figures about childhood TB as well as an agenda to end the disease in children worldwide.
Millions of children have migrated across borders or been forcibly displaced. As of 2016, 28 million children were living in forced displacement – this includes 12 million child refugees and child asylum seekers, and 16 million children living in internal displacement due to conflict and violence. These numbers do not include 7 million children internally displaced by natural disasters. Millions of other children had moved, within or across borders, in pursuit of better opportunities. This Data Brief presents key facts and figures about children in migration and displacement and the numbers behind UNICEF’s 6 Agenda for Children on the Move.
Millions of children have migrated across borders or been forcibly displaced and reliable, timely and accessible data and evidence are essential for understanding how migration and forcible displacement affect children and their families – and for putting in place policies and programs to meet their needs. However, we do not know enough about children on the move: their age and sex; where they come from, where they are going, whether they move with their families or alone, how they fare along the way, what their vulnerabilities are. In many cases data are not regularly collected, and quality is often poor. This joint A call to action – Protecting children on the move starts with better data by UNICEF, UNHCR, IOM, Eurostat and OECD urges Member States to prioritize actions to address these evidence gaps, and include child-specific considerations in the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration and the Global Compact on Refugees.
This brochure presents an overview and key facts on civil registration for births and marriages in sub-Saharan Africa. It also highlights key challenges with registering child deaths and UNICEF’s programmatic work on improving birth registration in the region. This resource includes a brochure and detailed country profiles.
Though progress has been made in preventing HIV infection in children, a UNICEF analysis of UNAIDS data suggests that without accelerated action, the 2020 super-fast-track targets for eliminating HIV transmission in children, reducing new infections in adolescent girls and young women, and for increasing HIV treatment in children and adolescents living with HIV will not be met.
West and Central Africa faces a unique set of challenges in its efforts to reduce the impact of child marriage – a high prevalence and slow rate of decline combined with a growing population of girls. This statistical snapshot showcases the latest data and puts forward recommendations on policy and actions to eliminate this practice.
This briefing note summarizes the new global indicators for monitoring the drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) elements of the SDG targets and reflects extensive technical consultation with over 100 experts from over 60 organisations
UNICEF, WHO and the World Bank regularly update joint global and regional estimates of child malnutrition. These estimates of prevalence and numbers for child stunting, underweight, overweight, wasting and severe wasting are derived for the global population as well as by United Nations (UN), Millennium Development Goal (MDG), Sustainable Development Goal (SDG), UNICEF, WHO and World Bank regions, as well as World Bank income group classifications.
“Is every child counted” provides a status report on the data availability of child related SDG indicators showing that sufficient data is available only for half of those. Many indicators, such as those on poverty and violence cannot be compared, and are either too limited or of poor quality, leaving governments without the information they need to accurately address challenges facing millions of children, or to track progress towards achieving the Goals. The report also identifies priorities for enhancing the collection, analysis and use of data for children.
This document provides information on the background of the Module on Child Functioning, the rationale for its development, as well as the process of rigorous testing and review undertaken to ensure validity of the questionnaire.
The Washington Group/UNICEF Module on Child Functioning, finalized in 2016, covers children between 2 and 17 years of age and assesses functional difficulties in different domains including hearing, vision, communication/comprehension, learning, mobility and emotions.
This brochure includes the first global estimates on the time girls spend doing household chores such as cooking, cleaning, caring for family members and collecting water and firewood. The data show that the disproportionate burden of domestic work begins early, with girls between 5 and 9 years old spending 30 per cent more time, or 40 million more hours a day, on household chores than boys their age. The disparities grow as girls get older, with 10 to 14 year olds spending 50 per cent more time, or 120 million more hours each day.
A name and nationality is every child’s right, enshrined in the Convention on the Rights of the Child and other international treaties. This brochure sheds light on this issue – from where we stand today, to the children left behind and the progress and projections on birth registration data in Latin America and the Caribbean.
UNICEF, WHO and the World Bank regularly update joint global and regional estimates of child malnutrition. These estimates of prevalence and numbers for child stunting, underweight, overweight, wasting and severe wasting are derived for the global population as well as by United Nations (UN), Millennium Development Goal (MDG), UNICEF, WHO and World Bank regions, as well as World Bank income group classifications.
UNICEF-supported Vitamin A supplementation programmes have been reaching children aged 6 to 59 months in priority countries for nearly two decades. Vitamin A supplementation helps maintain strong immune systems. It reduces the incidences of diarrhoea and measles in children and prevents blindness and hearing loss. Most importantly, Vitamin A supplements can improve a child’s chance of survival by 12 to 24 per cent.
This brochure draws on data from more than 90 nationally representative surveys making it the most up-to-date compilation of statistics on FGM/C.
At the turn of the century, and the beginning of the Millennium Development Goals, an HIV diagnosis was equivalent to a death sentence for most children and their families in low-income countries. But now, an early diagnosis paired with treatment and care can ensure long healthy lives, regardless of location, and can help prevent transmission of HIV to others. Since 2000, 30 million new infections were prevented, nearly 8 million deaths averted, and 15 million people living with HIV are now receiving treatment.
In September 2015, UNICEF, WHO and World Bank Group released an updated joint dataset on child malnutrition indicators (stunting, wasting, severe wasting, overweight and underweight) and new global & regional estimates covering the 1990 to 2014 period. This summary note presents key messages and highlights refinements to the method.
For countries to fulfill their commitments under the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities as well as to inform and support the monitoring of future international development goals, there is an urgent need for countries to strengthen their capacity to collect, analyze, understand, use and disseminate data on children with disabilities in a manner that is accurate and comparable across different settings, countries, and populations. To help strengthen local capacities, UNICEF and the Washington Group on Disability Statistics have developed a training package on the measurement of child disability.
Childhood vulnerability cuts across all development programming and planning, including the sectors of HIV and AIDS, education, health, child protection and social protection. Understanding indicators of childhood vulnerability in general and to HIV in particular, could help practitioners identify vulnerable children more accurately and spend money accordingly.
The purpose of this booklet is to help readers understand why data on children with disabilities are currently inadequate, the difficulties that surround the gathering of high-quality data on disabled children, and why there is a real need to improve the collection, analysis, dissemination and use of disability data.
A Promise Renewed – Progress Report 2014 (Key Findings) presents levels and trends in child mortality since 1990 and focuses on coverage of interventions around the time of birth to address neonatal mortality.
Ending child marriage will help break the intergenerational cycle of poverty by allowing girls and women to participate more fully in society. Empowered and educated girls are better able to nourish and care for their children, leading to healthier, smaller families. When girls are allowed to be girls, everybody wins. This brochure explores the data and statistics behind those stories: the current situation of child marriage, lifelong – sometimes intergenerational – consequences, progress to date and prospects.
This 8-page brochure presents key statistics on child survival, protection and development for children in Africa.
Violence. Child labour. Trafficking. Sexual exploitation. Female genital mutilation/ cutting. Child marriage. Lack of official recording of births. Millions of children worldwide experience the worst kinds of rights violations. Millions more children, not yet victims, are inadequately protected against them. This document summarizes some of the main global monitoring activities in which UNICEF has played a lead role.
This brochure summarizes some of the main global monitoring activities for child protection in which UNICEF has played a lead role.
An extensive global consultation of over 100 experts and over 60 organisations was facilitated by UNICEF and WHO to develop recommendations for post-2015 goals, targets and indicators for WASH. This factsheet outlines the vision of universal access to safe drinking water sanitation and hygiene and proposes specific measureable targets to achieve this shared vision.
Prepared for the African Ministers’ Council on Water, this snaphot of water and sanitation progress in Africa provides a regional perspective on progress.
This snapshot offers an overview of the latest child protection data.