Millions of children have migrated across borders or been forcibly displaced. As of 2016, 28 million children were living in forced displacement – this includes 12 million child refugees and child asylum seekers, and 16 million children living in internal displacement due to conflict and violence. These numbers do not include 7 million children internally displaced by natural disasters. Millions of other children had moved, within or across borders, in pursuit of better opportunities. This Data Brief presents key facts and figures about children in migration and displacement and the numbers behind UNICEF’s 6 Agenda for Children on the Move.
Millions of children have migrated across borders or been forcibly displaced and reliable, timely and accessible data and evidence are essential for understanding how migration and forcible displacement affect children and their families – and for putting in place policies and programs to meet their needs. However, we do not know enough about children on the move: their age and sex; where they come from, where they are going, whether they move with their families or alone, how they fare along the way, what their vulnerabilities are. In many cases data are not regularly collected, and quality is often poor. This joint A call to action – Protecting children on the move starts with better data by UNICEF, UNHCR, IOM, Eurostat and OECD urges Member States to prioritize actions to address these evidence gaps, and include child-specific considerations in the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration and the Global Compact on Refugees.
This report follows up the first Generation 2030 Africa report, published in August 2014, which outlined pivotal changes in Africa’s child demographics. The new report uses latest population projections showing that by 2050, the continent will account for 42 per cent of all global births and almost 40 per cent of all children under 18. The report presents modelling indicating that if African nations invest in their growing population of children and young people, in particular in their education, and adopt economic policies that foster new jobs, the continent as a whole could see per capita incomes increase up to four-fold. The first, crucial step to achieving this demographic dividend will be to close the gaps that exist within Africa’s health and education systems.
Young migrants and refugees set out to escape harm or secure better futures – and face staggering risks in the process. For children and youth on the move via the Mediterranean Sea routes to Europe, the journey is marked by high levels of abuse, trafficking and exploitation. Some are more vulnerable than others: those travelling alone, those with low levels of education and those undertaking longer journeys. These and more findings come from a new UNICEF and IOM analysis of the journeys of some 11,000 young refugees and migrants between 14 and 24 years old along the Eastern and Central Mediterranean routes to Europe.
Among the millions of children on the move worldwide, many – including hundreds of thousands of unaccompanied children and adolescents – undertake dangerous journeys. This report shows how the lack of safe and legal pathways for refugee and migrant children feeds a booming market for human smuggling and puts them at risk of violence, abuse and exploitation. It presents latest data on the scale of these movements, the major routes taken and the perils experienced by these children on the move in from of trafficking, exploitation and even deaths. Building on recent UNICEF policy proposals, it sets out ways that governments can better protect these vulnerable children.
“Is every child counted” provides a status report on the data availability of child related SDG indicators showing that sufficient data is available only for half of those. Many indicators, such as those on poverty and violence cannot be compared, and are either too limited or of poor quality, leaving governments without the information they need to accurately address challenges facing millions of children, or to track progress towards achieving the Goals. The report also identifies priorities for enhancing the collection, analysis and use of data for children.
UNICEF in partnership with the #vizforsocialgood community launched a data visualization project/hackathon on migrant and refugees using data from the report Uprooted. This visualization by Yvette Kovács was selected as one of the finalists.
UNICEF in partnership with the #vizforsocialgood community launched a data visualization project/hackathon on migrant and refugees using data from the report Uprooted. This visualization by Brit Cava was selected as one of the finalists.
UNICEF in partnership with the #vizforsocialgood community launched a data visualization project/hackathon on migrant and refugees using data from the report Uprooted. This visualization by Adam Crahen was selected as one of the finalists.
UNICEF in partnership with the #vizforsocialgood community launched a data visualization project/hackathon on migrant and refugees using data from the report Uprooted. This visualization by Pooja Ghandi was selected as one of the finalists.
Around the world, nearly 50 million children have migrated across borders or been forcibly displaced – and that’s a conservative estimate. More than half of these boys and girls fled violence and insecurity – 28 million in total. This report presents, for the first time, comprehensive global data about these children – where they are born, where they move, and some of the dangers they face along the way. The report sheds light on the truly global nature of childhood migration and displacement, highlighting major challenges in every region.