Sixty per cent of children aged 7 to 14 years in the sample are attending school, and 38 per cent are engaged in child labour. Twenty per cent of all children are combining school attendance and child labour. A regression analysis shows that household wealth and education of the mother are the most important determinants of school attendance. Children from wealthier households and children of mothers with a formal education are more likely to attend school. In the majority of the countries in the study, boys, urban residents and children not engaged in labour also have an increased probability of school attendance.